See also:act whereby a
See also:person in
See also:office renounces and gives up the same before the expiry of the
See also:time for which it is held . In
See also:law, the
See also:term is especially applied to the disowning of a member of a
See also:family, as the disinheriting of a son, but the word is seldom used except in the sense of surrendering the supreme power in a state . Despotic sovereigns are at liberty to divest themselves of their
See also:powers at any time, but it is other-wise with a limited
See also:monarchy . The
See also:throne of
See also:Great Britain cannot be lawfully abdicated unless with the consent of the two Houses of Parliament . When
See also:James II., after throwing the great seal into the
See also:Thames, fled to France in 1688, he did not formally resign the
See also:crown, and the question was discussed in parliament whether he had forfeited the throne or had abdicated . The latter designation was agreed on, for in a full
See also:assembly of the Lords and
See also:Commons, met in
See also:convention, it was resolved, in spite of James's protest, " that
See also:King James II. having endeavoured to subvert the constitution of the
See also:kingdom, by breaking the
See also:original contract between king and
See also:people, and, by the advice of
See also:Jesuits and other wicked persons, having violated the fundamental
See also:laws, and having withdrawn himself out of this kingdom, has abdicated the
See also:government, and that the throne is thereby vacant." The Scottish parliament pronounced a decree of
See also:forfeiture and deposition . Among the most memorable abdications of antiquity may be mentioned that of Sulla the dictator, 79 B.C., and that of the Emperor
See also:Diocletian, 'A.D . 305 . The following is a
See also:list of the more important abdications of later times: Benedict IX.,
See also:pope . .
See also:Stephen II. of Hungary
See also:Albert (the Bear) of
See also:Brandenburg .
See also:Ladislaus III. of Poland . Celestine V., pope .
L ohnBaliol of Scotland ohn Cantacuzene, emperor of the East chard II. of England
See also:XXIII., pope
See also:Erie VII. of Denmark and XIII. of Sweden
See also:Murad II.,
See also:Ottoman Sultan
See also:Charles V., emperor . Christina of Sweden . . John Casimir of Poland L 2ABDOMEN A.D . lames II. of England 16$8 rederick
See also:Augustus of Poland 1704
See also:Philip V. of Spain 1724 Victor Amadeus II. of
See also:Sardinia 173o Ahmed III., Sultan of
See also:Turkey 1730 Charles of Naples (on accession to throne of Spain) 1759
See also:Stanislaus II. of Poland . 1795 Charles Emanuel IV. of Sardinia ^
See also:June 4, 1802 Charles IV. of Spain .
See also:Mar . 19, 18o8
See also:Bonaparte of Naples June 6, 1808 Gustavus IV. of Sweden . Mar . 29, 1809
See also:Louis Bonaparte of
See also:Holland .
See also:July 2, 1810
See also:Napoleon I., French Emperor .
See also:April 4, 1814, and June 22, 1815 Victor Emanuel of Sardinia . Mar .
13, 1821 Charles X. of France Aug . 2, 1830 Pedro ofBrazil 1 April 7, 1831
See also:Miguel of Portgual . May 26, 1834
See also:William I. of Holland Oct . 7, 1840 Louis Philippe, king of the French Feb . 24, 1848 Louis Charles of
See also:Bavaria . Mar . 21, 1848
See also:Ferdinand of
See also:Austria Dec . 2, 1848 Charles Albert of Sardinia Mar . 23, 1849
See also:Leopold II. of Tuscany my 21, 1859 Isabella II. of Spain . June 25, 1870 Amadeus I. of Spain . eb . II, 1873
See also:Alexander of Bulgaria
See also:Sept . 7, 1886 Milan of
See also:Servia .
ABDOMEN (a Latin word, either from abdere, to hide,...
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