Online Encyclopedia

ABEL (Hebrew for breath)

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V01, Page 39 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ABEL (Hebrew for breath), the second son of Adam, slain by Cain, his elder brother (Gen. iv. 1-16). The narrative in Genesis which tells us that " the Lord had respect unto Abel and to his offering, but unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect," is supplemented by the statement of the New Testament, that " by faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain" (Heb. xi. 4), and that Cain slew Abel "because his own works were evil and his brother's righteous" (1 John iii. 12). See further under CAIN. The name has been identified with the Assyrian ablu, " son," but this is far from certain. It more probably means " herdsman " (cf. the name Jabal), and a distinction is drawn between the pastoral Abel and the agriculturist Cain. If Cain-is the eponym of the Kenites it is quite possible that Abel was originally a South Judaean demigod or hero; on this, see Winckler, Gesch. Israels, ii. p. 189; E. Meyer, Israeliten, p. 395. A sect of Abelitae, who seem to have lived in North Africa, is mentioned by Augustine (De Haeresibus, lxxxvi.).
End of Article: ABEL (Hebrew for breath)
ABEL (better ABELL), THOMAS (d. 1540)

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