See also:English statesman, was
See also:born at Duffryn, Aberdare,
See also:Glamorganshire, on the 16th of
See also:April 1815, the son of
See also:Bruce, a Glamorganshire landowner . John Bruce's
See also:family name was Knight, but on coming of age in 1805 he assumed the name of Bruce, his
See also:mother, through whom he inherited the Duffryn
See also:estate, having been the daughter of
See also:William Bruce, high
See also:sheriff of Glamorganshire .
See also:Austin Bruce was educated at
See also:Swansea grammar school, and in 1837 was called to the
See also:bar . Shortly after he had begun to practise, the
See also:discovery of
See also:coal beneath the Duffryn and other Aberdare Valley estates brought the family
See also:wealth . From 1847 to 1852 he was stipendiary
See also:magistrate for Merthyr Tydvil and Aberdare, resigning the position in the latter
See also:year, when he entered parliament as Liberal member for Merthyr Tydvil . In 1862 he became under-secretary for the home department, and in 1869, after losing his seat at Merthyr Tydvil, but being re-elected for
See also:Renfrewshire, he was made home secretary by W . E . Gladstone . His tenure of this
See also:office was conspicuous for a reform of the licensing
See also:laws, and he was responsible for the Licensing
See also:Act of 1872, which constituted the magistrates the licensing authority, increased the penalties for misconduct in public-houses and shortened the number of
See also:hours for the sale of drink . In 1873 he relinquished the home secretaryship, at Gladstone's
See also:request, to become
See also:president of the council, and was almost .6imultaneously raised to the
See also:peerage as Baron Aberdare . The defeat of the Liberal
See also:government in the following year terminated Lord Aberdare's official
See also:life, and he subsequently ,devoted himself to social, educational and economic questions . In 1876 he was elected F.R.S:; from 1878 to 1892 he was president of the Royal
See also:Historical Society; and in 1881 he became president of the Royal
See also:Geographical Society .
In 1882 he began a connexion withWest Africa which lasted the
See also:rest of his life, by accepting the chairmanship of the
See also:Company, formed by
See also:George Taubman Goldie, which in 1886 received a
See also:charter under the title of the Royal Niger Company and in 1899 was taken over by the
See also:British government, its territories being constituted the
See also:protectorate of
See also:Nigeria . West African affairs, however, by no means exhausted Lord Aberdare's energies, and it was principally through his efforts that a charter was in 1894 obtained for the university of
See also:Wales at
See also:Cardiff . Lord Aberdare, who in 1885 was made a G.C.B., presided over several Royal Commissions at different times . He died in
See also:London on the 25th of
See also:February 1895 . His second wife was the daughter of Sir William
See also:Napier, the historian of the
See also:Peninsular war, whose Life he edited .
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