Online Encyclopedia

ABICH

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V01, Page 62 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ABICH, OTTO- WILHELM HERMANN VON (18o6-1886), German mineralogist and geologist, was born at Berlin on the 11th of December 18o6, and educated at the university in that city. His earliest scientific work related to spinels and other minerals, and later he made special studies of fumaroles, of the mineral deposits around volcanic vents and of the structure of volcanoes. In 1842 he was appointed professor of mineralogy in the university of Dorpat, and henceforth gave attention to the geology and mineralogy of Russia. Residing for some time at Tiflis he investigated the geology of the Caucasus. Ultimately he retired to Vienna, where he died on the 1st of July 1886. The mineral Abichite was named after him.
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