Online Encyclopedia

ABILA (I)

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V01, Page 63 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ABILA (I) a city of ancient Syria, the capital of the tetrarchy of Abilene, a territory whose extent it is impossible to define. It is generally called -Abila of Lysanias, to distinguish it from (2) below.. Abilawas an important town on the imperial high-way from Damascus to Heliopolis (Baalbek). The site is indicated by ruins of a temple, aqueducts, &c., and inscriptions on the banks of the river Barada at Suk Wadi Barada, a village called by early Arab geographers Abil-es-Suk, between Baalbek and Damascus. Though the names All and Abila differ in derivation and in meaning, their similarity has given rise to the tradition that this was the place of Abel's burial. According to Josephus, Abilene was a separate Iturean kingdom till A.D. 37, when it was granted by Caligula to Agrippa I.; in 52 Claudius granted it to Agrippa IT. (See also LYSANIAS.) (2) A city in Perea, now Abil-ez-Zeit.
End of Article: ABILA (I)
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NIKOLAJ ABRAHAM ABILDGAARD (1744—1809)

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