ACNE , a skin eruption produced by inflammation of the sebaceous glands andhair follicles, the essential point in the disease being the plugging of the mouths of the sebaceous follicles by a " comedo," familiarly known as " blackhead." It is now generally acknowledged that the cause of this disease is the organism known as bacillus acnes . It shows itself in the
See also:form of red pimples or papules, which may become pustular and be attended with considerable surrounding irritation of the skin . This affection is likewise most
See also:common in early adult
See also:life, and occurs on the chest and back as well as on the
See also:face, where it may, when of much extent, produce considerable disfigurement . It is
See also:apt to persist for months or even years, but usually in
See also:time disappears entirely, although slight traces may remain in the form of scars or stains upon the skin . Eruptions of this kind are sometimes produced by the continued
See also:internal use of certain drugs, such as the iodide or bromide of potassium . In treating this
See also:condition the face should first of all be held over steaming
See also:water for several minutes, and then thoroughly bathed . The blackheads should next be removed, not with the
See also:nail, but with an inexpensive little instrument known as the " comedo expressor." When the more noticeable of the blackheads have been expressed, the face should be firmly rubbed for three or four minutes with a lather made from a
See also:soap composed of
See also:sulphur, camphor and
See also:balsam of
See also:Peru . Any lather remaining on the face at the end of this time should be wiped off with a soft handkerchief . As this treatment might give rise to some irritation of the skin, it should be replaced every
See also:night by a
See also:simple application of
See also:cold cream . Of drugs used internally sulphate of calcium, in pill, s
See also:grain three times a
See also:day, is a very useful adjunct to the preceding . The patient should take plenty of exercise in the fresh air, a very simple but nourishing
See also:diet, and, if
See also:constipation and anaemia musttbe suitably treated . Rosacea, popularly known as acne rosacea, is a more severe and troublesome disorder, a true dermatitis with no relation to the foregoing, and in most cases secondary to seborrhea of the
See also:scalp .
It is characterized by
See also:great redness of the
See also:nose and cheeks, accompanied by pustular enlargements on the
See also:surface of the skin, which produce marked disfigurement . Although often seen in persons who live too freely, it is by no means
See also:con-fined to such, but may arise in connexion with disturbances of the general
See also:health, especially of the
See also:function of digestion, and in
See also:females with menstrual disorders . It is apt to be exceedingly intractable to treatment, which is here too, as in the pre-ceding form, partly
See also:local and partly constitutional . Of internal remedies preparations of iodine and of arsenic are sometimes found of service .
ACME (Gr. 6.Kµii, point)
ACOEMETI (Gr. awl p7ror, sleepless)
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