Online Encyclopedia

ACTON

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V01, Page 161 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ACTON, an urban district in the Ealing parliamentary division of Middlesex, England, suburban to London, 9 M. W. of St. Paul's Cathedral. Pop. (1861) 3151; (1901) 37,744. Its ap- pearance is now wholly that of a modern residential suburb. The derivation offered for its name is from Oak-town, in reference to the extensive forest which formerly covered the locality. The land belonged from early times to the see of London, a grant being recorded in 1220. Henry III. had a residence here. At the time of the Commonwealth Acton was a centre of Puritanism. Philip Nye (d. 1672) was rector; Richard Baxter, Sir Matthew Hale (Lord Chief- Justice), Henry Fielding the novelist and John Lindley the botanist (d. 1865) are famous names among residents here. Acton Wells, of saline waters, had considerable reputation in the 18th century.
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