See also:English navigator, was
See also:born at
See also:Gillingham, near Chatham, England . When twelve years old he was apprenticed to the seafaring
See also:life, afterwards entering the
See also:navy, and later serving the
See also:company of
See also:Barbary merchants for a number of years as
See also:master and
See also:pilot . Attracted by the Dutch
See also:trade with India, he shipped as pilot major with a little
See also:fleet of five
See also:ships despatched from the Texel in 1598 by a company of
See also:Rotterdam merchants . The vessels, boats ranging from 75 to 250 tons and crowded with men, were driven to the
See also:coast of
See also:Guinea, where the adventurers attacked the
See also:island of Annabon for supplies, and finally reached the straits of
See also:Magellan . Scattered by stress of
See also:weather the following
See also:spring the " Charity," with
See also:Adams on'
See also:board, and the "Hope," met at length off the coast of Chile, where the captains of both vessels lost their lives in an encounter with the
See also:Indians . In fear of the Spaniards, the remaining crews determined to
See also:sail across the Pacific . On this voyage the " Hope " was lost, but in
See also:April 1600 the " Charity," with a
See also:crew of sick and dying men, was brought to anchor off the island of Kiushiu,
See also:Japan . Adams was summoned to
See also:Osaka and there examined by Iyeyasu, the
See also:guardian of the
See also:young son of Taiko Sama, the ruler, who had just died . His knowledge of ships and
See also:shipbuilding, and his nautical smattering of
See also:mathematics, raised him in the estimation of the shogun, and he was subsequently presented with an
See also:estate at Hemi near
See also:Yokosuka; but was refused permission to return to England . In 1611
See also:news came to him of an English settlement in
See also:Bantam, and he wrote asking for help . In 1613 Captain
See also:John Saris arrived at
See also:Hirado in the
See also:ship " Clove " with the
See also:object of establishing a trading factory for the East India Company, and after obtaining the necessary concessions from the shogun, Adams postponed his voyage home (permission for which had now been given him) in
See also:order to take a leading
See also:part, under
See also:Richard Cocks, in the organization of this new English settlement . He had already married a
See also:Japanese woman, by whom he had a
See also:family, and the latter part of his life was spent in the service of the English trading company, for whom he undertook a number of voyages to Siam in 1616, and
See also:China in 1617 and 1618 .
He died on the 16th of May 162o, some three years before thedissolution of the English factory . His Japanese title was Anjin Sama, and his memory was preserved in the naming of a street in Yedo, Anjin Cho (Pilot Street), and by an
See also:annual celebration on
See also:June 15 in his
See also:honour . See England's Earliest Intercourse with Japan, by C . W . Hillary (1905) ; Letters written by the English Residents in Japan, ed. by N . Murakami (1900, containing Adams's Letters reprinted from Memorials of the
See also:Empire of Japan, ed. by T . Rundall,
See also:Hakluyt Society, 185o);
See also:Diary of Richard Cocks, with preface by N . Murakami (1899, reprinted from the Hakluyt Society ed . 1883); R .
See also:Hildreth's Japan (1855); J .
See also:Harris's Navigantium atque Itinerantium Bibliotheca (1764), i . 856; Voyage of John Saris, ed. by
See also:Sir E .
M . Satow (Hakluyt Society, 1900) ;
See also:Asiatic Society of Japan Trans-actions,
See also:xxvi . (sec . 1898) pp. r and 194, where four more hitherto unpublished letters of Adams are given; Collection of State Papers; East Indies, China and Japan . The MS. of his logs written during his voyages to Siam and China is in the Bodleian Library at
See also:Oxford .
THOMAS ADAMS (d. c. 1655)
PATRICK ADAMSON (1537-1592)
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.