See also:born at Spantekow, in
See also:Pomerania, on the 8th of
See also:August 1732, and educated at the public
See also:schools of
See also:Anklam and Klosterbergen, and the university of
See also:Halle . In 1759 he was appointed
See also:professor at the gymnasium of
See also:Erfurt, but relinquished this situation two years later and went to reside in a private capacity at
See also:Leipzig, where he devoted him-self to philological researches . In 1787 he received the
See also:appointment of
See also:principal librarian to the elector of Saxony at
See also:Dresden, where he continued to reside until his
See also:death on the loth of
See also:September 1806 . The writings of Adelung are very voluminous, and there is not one of them, perhaps, which does not exhibit some proofs of the
See also:industry and erudition of the author . By means of his excellent gramplars,
See also:dictionary and various
See also:works on German
See also:style, he contributed greatly towards rectifying the orthography, refining the idiom and fixing the standard of his native
See also:tongue . His German dictionary—Grammatisch-kritisches W Oster-bud: der hochdeutschen Mundart (1774–1786)-bears witness to the patient spirit of investigation which Adelung possessed in so remarkable a degree, and to his intimate knowledge of the
See also:history of the different dialects on which
See also:modern German is based . No man before Jakob
See also:Grimm (q.v.) did so much for the language of Germany . Shortly before his death he issued Mithridates,
See also:oder aligemeine Sprachenkunde (1806) . The hint of this ,
See also:work appears to have been taken from a publication, with a similar title, published by Konrad von Gesner (151&-156.5) in 1555; but the plan of Adelung is much more extensive . Unfortunately he did not live to finish what he had undertaken . The first
See also:volume, which contains the
See also:languages, was published immediately after his death; the other two were issued under the superintendence of Johann Severin Vater (1771–1826) . Of the very numerous works by Adelung the following may be noted: Directorium diplomaticum (
See also:Meissen, 1802); Deutsche Sprachlehre fib- Schulen (Berlin, 1781), and the periodical, Magazin fur die deutsche Sprache (Leipzig, 1782–1784) .
ADELSBERG (Slovene Postojina)
ADEMPTION (Lat. ademptio, from adimere, a taking aw...
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