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ADENES (ADENEZ or ADANS)

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Originally appearing in Volume V01, Page 191 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ADENES (ADENEZ or ADANS), surnamed LE ROI, French trouvare, was born in Brabant about 1240. He owed his education to the kindness of Henry III.; duke of Brabant, and he remained in favour at court for some time after the death (1261) of his patron. In 1269 he entered the service of Guy de Dampierre, afterwards count of Flanders, probably as roi des menestrels, and followed him in the next year on the abortive crusade in Tunis in which Louis IX. lost his life. The expedition returned by way of Sicily and Italy, and Adenes has left in his poems some very exact descriptions of the places through which he passed. The purity of his French and the absence of provincial-isms point to a long residence in France, and it has been suggested that Adenes may have followed Mary of Brabant thither on her marriage with Philip the Bold. He seems, however, to have remained in the service of Count Guy, although he made frequent visits to Paris to consult the annals preserved in the abbey of St Denis. The poems written by Adenes are four: the Enfances Ogier, an enfeebled version of the Chevalerie Ogier de Danemarche written by Raimbert de Paris at the beginning of the century; Berle aus granspies, the history of the mother of Charlemagne, founded on well-known traditions which are also preserved in the anonymous Chronique de France, and in the Chronique rime of Philippe Mousket; Bueves de Comarchis, belonging to the cycle of romance gathered round the history of Aimeri de Narbonne; and a long roman d'aventures, Cleomades, borrowed from Spanish and Moorish traditions brought into France by Blanche, daughter of Louis IX., who after the death of her Spanish husband returned to the French court. Adenes probably died before the end of the 13th century. The romances of Adenes were edited for the Academie Imperiale et Royale of Brussels by A. Scheler and A. van Hasselt in 1874; Berle was rendel-ed into modern French by G. Hecq (1897) and by R. Perie(1900) ; Cleomades, by Le Chevalier de Chatelain (1859). See also the edition of Berle by Paulin Paris (1832); an article by the same writer in the Hist. lift. de la France, vol. xx. pp. 679-718; Leon Gautier, Les epopees franyaises, vol. iii., (ic.
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