Online Encyclopedia

ADOLPHUS FREDERICK

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V05, Page 89 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ADOLPHUS FREDERICK, duke of Cambridge (1774-1850), was born in London on the 24th of February 1774. Having studied at the university of Gottingen, Adolphus Frederick served in the Hanoverian and British armies, and, in November 18o1, was created earl of Tipperary and duke of Cambridge, becoming a member of the privy council in the following year. The duke is chiefly known for his connexion with Hanover. In 1815, on the conclusion of the war, the electorate of Hanover was raised to the rank of a kingdom, and in the following year the duke was appointed viceroy. He held this position until the separation of Great Britain and Hanover in 1837, and displaying tact and moderation, appears to have ruled the country with great success during a difficult period. Returning to England the duke became very popular, and was active in supporting many learned and benevolent societies. He died in London on the 8th of July 1850, In 1818 he married Augusta (1797-1889), daughter of Frederick, landgrave of Hesse-Cassel. He left three children: his successor, George; Augusta Caroline (b. 1822), who married Frederick William, grand duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; and Mary Adelaide (1833-1897), who married Francis, duke of Teck.
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