See also:Roman antiquities, the name of certain Roman magistrates, probably derived from
See also:aedis (a
See also:temple), because they had the care of the temple of
See also:Ceres, where the plebeian archives were kept . They were originally two in
See also:AEDUI j number, called " plebeian " aediles . They were created in the same
See also:year as the tribunes of the
See also:people (494 s.c.), their persons were sacrosanct or inviolable, and (at least after 471) they were elected at the
See also:Comitia Tributa out of the plebeians alone . Originally intended as assistants to the tribunes, they exercised certain
See also:police functions, were empowered to inflict fines and managed the plebeian and Roman
See also:games . According to
See also:Livy (vi . 42), after the passing of the Licinian rogations, an extra
See also:day was added to the Roman games; the aediles refused to bear the additional expense, whereupon the
See also:patricians offered to undertake it, on
See also:condition that they were admitted to the aedileship . The plebeians accepted the offer, and accordingly two "
See also:curule " aediles were appointed—at first from the patricians alone, then from patricians and plebeians in turn, lastly, from either—at the Comitia Tributa under the
See also:presidency of the
See also:consul . Although not sacrosanct, they had the right of sitting in a curule
See also:chair and wore the distinctive toga praetexta . They took over the management of the Roman and Megalesian games, the care of the patrician temples and had the right of issuing edicts as superintendents of the markets . But although the curule aediles always ranked higher than the plebeian, their functions gradually approximated and became practically identical .
See also:Cicero (Legg. iii . 3, 7) divides these functions under three heads:—(r) Care of the city: the repair and preservation of temples, sewers and aqueducts; street cleansing and paving; regulations regarding
See also:traffic, dangerous animals and dilapidated buildings; precautions against
See also:fire; superintendence of
See also:baths and taverns; enforcement of sumptuary
See also:laws; punishment of gamblers and usurers; the care of public morals generally, including the prevention of
See also:foreign superstitions .
They also punished those who had too large a
See also:share of the ager publicus, or kept too many
See also:cattle on the state pastures . (2) Care of provisions: investigation of the quality of the articles supplied and the correctness of weights and
See also:measures; the
See also:purchase of corn for disposal at a low price in case of
See also:necessity . (3) Care of the games: superintendence and organization of the public games, as well as of those given by themselves and private individuals (e.g. at funerals) at their own expense . Ambitious persons often spent enormous sums in this manner to win the popular favour with a. view to official
See also:advancement . In 44 Caesar added two patrician aediles, called Cereales, whose
See also:duty was the care of the corn-supply . Under
See also:Augustus the
See also:office lost much of its importance, its juridical functions and the care of the games being transferred to the praetor, while its city responsibilities were limited by the aypointment of a praefectus urbi . In the 3rd century e . D. it. disappeared altogether . AUTaoatTrES.—Schubert, De Romanorum Aedilibus (1828) ;
See also:Hoffmann, De Aedilibus Romanis (1842) ; Goll, De Aedilibus sub Caesarum Imperio (1860) ; Labatut,
See also:Les Ediles et les maurs (1868) ;
See also:Mommsen, Handbuch der romischen Altertiimer, ii . (1888) ; Soltau, Die urspriingliche Bedeutung and Competent der Aediles Plebis (
See also:Bonn, 1882) .
AEDICULA (diminutive of Lat. aedis or aedes, a temp...
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