See also:Roman citizens not included in the
See also:thirty tribes of Servius Tullius, and subject to a
See also:poll-tax arbitrarily fixed by the censor . They were (1) the inhabitants of conquered towns which had been deprived of
See also:local self-
See also:government, who possessed the
See also:jus conubii and jus commercii, but no
See also:political rights; Caere is said to have been the first example of this (353 B.c.); hence the expression " in tabulas Caeritum referre " came to mean " to degrade to the status of an aerarius": (2) full citizens subjected to
See also:civil degradation (infamia) as the result of following certain professions (e.g. acting), of dishonour-able acts in private
See also:life (e.g. bigamy) or of conviction for certain crimes; (3) persons branded by the censor . Those who were thus excluded from the tribes and centuries had no
See also:vote, were in-capable of filling Roman magistracies and could not serve in the army . According to
See also:Mommsen, the aerarii were originally the non-assidui (non-holders of
See also:land), excluded from the tribes, the
See also:comitia and the army . By a reform of the censor Appius
See also:Claudius in 312 B.C. these non-assidui were admitted into the tribes, and the aerarii as such disappeared . But in 304,
See also:Fabius Rullianus limited them to the four city tribes, and from that
See also:time the
See also:term meant a man degraded from a higher (
See also:country) to a
See also:lower (city) tribe, but not deprived of the right of voting or of serving in the army . The expressions " tribu movere " and " aerarium facere," regarded by Mommsen as identical in meaning (" to degrade from a higher tribe to a lower "), are explained by A . H . J . Greenidge—the first as relegation from a higher to a lower tribe or
See also:total exclusion from the tribes, the second as exclusion from the centuries . Other views of the
See also:original aerarii are that they were:—artisans and freedmen (Niebuhr) ; inhabitants of towns
See also:united with Rome by a
See also:hospitium publicum, who had become domiciled on Roman territory (
See also:Lange); only a class of degraded citizens, including neither the cives sine suffragio nor the artisans (
See also:Madvig); identical with the capite censi of the Servian constitution (Belot, Greenidge) . See A .
H . J . Greenidge, Infamia in Roman
See also:Law (1894), where Mommsen's theory is criticized; E . Belot, Histoire
See also:des chevaliers romains, i. p . 200 (
See also:Paris, 1866) ; L .
See also:Pardon, De Aerariis (Berlin, 1853); P . Willems, Le Droit public romain (1883); A . S.,
See also:Wilkins in
See also:Diet. of Greek and Roman Antiquities (3rd ed., 1891); and the usual handbooks of antiquities .
AERARIUM (from Lat. aes, in its derived sense of " ...
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