AESCHINES (389-314 B.C.) ,Greek statesman and orator, was
See also:born at Athens . The statements as to his parentage and early
See also:life are conflicting; but it seems probable that his parents, though poor, were respectable . After assisting his
See also:father in his school, he tried his
See also:hand at acting with indifferent success, served with distinction in the army, and held• several clerkships, amongst them the
See also:office of clerk to the Boule . The fall of
See also:Olynthus (348) brought Aeschines into the
See also:arena, and he was sent on an
See also:embassy to rouse the
See also:Peloponnesus against
See also:Philip . In 347 he was a member of the peace embassy to Philip of Macedon, who seems to have won him over entirely to his side . His dilatoriness during the second embassy (346) sent to ratify the terms of peace led to his accusation by
See also:Demosthenes and Timarchus on a
See also:charge of high treason, but he was acquitted as the result of a powerful speech, in which" he showed that his accuser Timarchus had, by his immoral conduct, forfeited the right to speak before the
See also:people . In 343 the attack was renewed by Demosthenes in his speech On the False Embassy; Aeschines replied in a speech with the same title and was again, acquitted . In 339, as one of the Athenian deputies (pylagorae) in the Amphictyonic Council, he made a speech which brought about the Sacred War . By way of revenge, Aeschines endeavoured to
See also:fix the blame for these disasters upon Demosthenes . In 336, when
See also:Ctesiphon proposed that his friend Demosthenes should be rewarded with a
See also:crown for his distinguished services to the state, he was accused by Aeschines of having violated the
See also:law in bringing forward the motion . The
See also:matter remained in
See also:abeyance till 330, when the two rivals delivered their speeches Against Ctesiphon and On the Crown . The result was a
See also:complete victory for Demosthenes .
Aeschines went into voluntary
See also:exile at Rhodes, where he opened a school of rhetoric . He afterwards removed to
See also:Samos, where he died in the seventy-fifth
See also:year of his age . His three speeches, called by the ancients " the Three Graces,"
See also:rank next to those of Demosthenes . Photius knew of nine letters by him which he called the Nine Muses;. the twelve published under his name (Hercher, Epistolographi Graeci) are not genuine .
AERTSZEN (or AARTSEN), PIETER (1507-1573)
AESCHINES (5th century B.C.)
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