Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V24, Page 295 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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AFT UAMUJ ST4NTA RUNAR pAR . IN UARIN FAN FApIR AFT FAIKIAN SUNU,3 1. Old Swedish.—The territory of the Old Swedish comprehended— I and probably pronounced (.) Sweden, except the most northerly part, where Lappish (and aft Wa.mOC'i stgnda runaa paR; en Warinn fahi faaiR aft td Finnish?) was spoken, the most southerly (Skane, Halland i fa ghi~n sunu, would, no doubt, have had the same fcrm in contemporary Icelandic, except the last word, which would probably have had the less original form sun. The formal changes of the Swedish language during this period are, generally speaking, such as appear about the same time in all the members of the group—as the change of soft R into common r (the Rok-stone runait, later runar, runes; this appeared earliest after dental consonants, later after an accented vowel), and the change of sp into st (in the loth century raispi, later rceisti, raised) ; or they are, at least, common to it with Norwegian—as the dropping of h before 1, n and r (in the loth century hrauR, younger, r¢r, cairn), and the changing of nasal vowels (the long ones latest) into non-nasalized. But the case is altogether different during what we may call the classical period of Old Swedish (1225–1375), the time of the later runic inscriptions and the oldest literature. During this period the language is already distinctly separate from the (literary) Icelandic-Norwegian (though not yet very much from Danish). The words of the Older Vastgotalaw

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