AGRAM (Hungarian Zagreb, Croatian Zagreb) , thecapital of Croatia-Slavonia, and a royal
See also:town of Hungary; pleasantly situated between the
See also:bank of the Save and the mountains which culminate in Sljeme (3396 ft.); 187 m. by
See also:rail S. of Vienna . Pop . (189o) 38,742; (1900) 57,930, or with garrison 61,002 . Agram is the seat of the
See also:ban, or
See also:viceroy, of Croatia-Slavonia, of the Banal and Septemviral courts, the highest in the
See also:land, and of a chamber of commerce: It is also the
See also:meeting-place of the parliament; but
See also:local affairs are
See also:con-ducted by a municipal council . The city is divided into three districts . The Kapitel-Stadt, sometimes called the
See also:Bishop's Town, with the palace of the
See also:Roman Catholic archbishop, and his
See also:cathedral, dating from the 15th century, lies eastward of the Medvescak, a
See also:brook which flows into the Save . The Upper Town, on high ground west of the Medvescak, contains the palace of the ban and the natural
See also:history museum . On the south, the
See also:Lower Town is separated from the other districts by the Ilica, a long street, traversed by a
See also:tramway . In it are the business and
See also:industrial quarters; the palace of
See also:justice; the academy of science, with picture-galleries, a library and a collection of antiquities; the theatre; the
See also:Franz Josef University, founded in 1874 to teach
See also:law and philosophy; the synagogue; and the only
See also:church existing in the
See also:country at the beginning of the 20th century . Roman Catholic churches and
See also:schools are numerous . Besides the large Maximir
See also:park and botanical gardens, many of the squares are planted with trees and adorned with statues; while the whole city is surrounded by vineyards and country houses .
See also:linen, carpets and war-material are manufactured in Agram, which also contains the
See also:works of the Hungarian state
See also:railways, and has a brisk
See also:trade in
See also:wine, potash,
See also:silk and
See also:porcelain .
In 1094 Agram was founded by
See also:Ladislaus I. of Hungary, as the seat of a bishop; and on the expulsion of its Mongol colony, in 1242, it was raised to the
See also:rank of a royal free city . For centuries a bitter
See also:feud raged between the Kapitel-Stadt and the Upper Town, until these rivals were forced to join hands against the
See also:Turks . Agram, already the
See also:political centre of Croatia, . Slavonia, was selected as the capital in 1867 . It suffered severely from
See also:earthquake in 188o and ;got .
AGRAPHA (i.e. ` .` unwritten ")
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