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AGRAPHA (i.e. ` .` unwritten ")

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Originally appearing in Volume V01, Page 383 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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AGRAPHA (i.e. ` .` unwritten "), the name given to certain utterances ascribed, with some degree of certainty, to Jesus, which have been preserved in documents other than the Gospels, e.g. Acts xx. 35; I Tim. v. 18; I Cor. vii. 10-12, and the Logia (q.v.) discovered in 1897 and 5903 at Oxyrhyncus. Two interesting examples of such sayings may be quoted: (I) "That which is weak shall be saved by that which• is strong "; (2) " Jesus, on whom be peace, has said: `The world is merely a bridge; ye are to pass over it, and not to build your dwellings upon it."' The first of these is from the Apostolic Canons (c. A.D. 300), the second was found by the missionary Alexander Duff inscribed in Arabic on the gateway of the mosque at Fatehpur Sikri. The earliest modern collection of such sayings was by Cotelerius, Ezclesiae Graecae Monuments (1677-1688), followed by J. E. Grabe, Spicele ium (1698 and 1700), and J. B. Fabricius, Codex Apocryph. N. T. (2nd ed., 1719). See also A. Resch, Agrapha (Leipzig, 1889) ; J. H. Ropes, Die Spriiche Jesu (Leipzig, 1896) ; and the article " Sayings " in J. Hastings' Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels.
End of Article: AGRAPHA (i.e. ` .` unwritten ")
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