See also:Prince Gustavus
See also:Adolphus of Stolberg-Gedern, was
See also:born at
See also:Mons on the loth of
See also:September 1752 . In her youth she was a canoness of Ste . Wandru at Mons, but in her twentieth
See also:year she was affianced, at the instigation of the duke of
See also:Berwick and with the secret connivance of the French
See also:Court, to Prince
See also:Stuart, " the
See also:Young Pretender," self-styled count of Albany . She was wedded to the prince at
See also:Macerata, near Ancona, on
See also:Friday 1774, and the married pair for over two years resided in the old Stuart palace at Rome .
See also:Pretty, intelligent, charming and witty, Louise fascinated
See also:Roman society, wherein she gained the nick-name of "
See also:Queen of
See also:Hearts." The union, however, which was obviously intended to give an
See also:heir to the Stuart prince, proved childless, and Louise's married
See also:life became far from happy . In 1974 the pair moved to Florence, where in
See also:December 178o Louise, terrified at her
See also:husband's violence and fearing for the safety of her life, fled to a neighbouring convent and threw herself on the
See also:protection of her
See also:Henry Stuart, .
See also:York, who invited her to Rome . Louise had already in Florence formed the acquaintance of the
See also:Italian tragic poet,
See also:Alfieri, who had been captivated by her,engaging
See also:manners, her youthful beauty and her
See also:powers . The poet now followed her to Rome, but the friendship between Alfieri and his
See also:sister-in-law does not seem to have aroused any suspicion in the mind of Cardinal York until 1783, when, after a visit to his brother in Florence, he suddenly requested
See also:Pius VI. to banish Alfieri from papal territory . In 1784, however, a legal separation between the count and countess of Albany was arranged, and by Charles's
See also:death in 1788 Louise found herself freed from matrimonial bonds . In
See also:company with Alfieri (to whom rumour said she had been secretly married) she now visited
See also:Paris and
See also:London, and was cordially received at the
See also:English court,
See also:George III. granting her an
See also:annual pension of £x600 from the privy
See also:purse . Returning to' Italy, Alfieri and the countess settled at Florence, where the poet died on the 9th of
See also:October 1803, and was buried in the
See also:church of
See also:Santa Croce beneath
See also:Canova's vast
See also:monument erected at Louise's expense . The countess continued to reside in the
See also:house on the
See also:Lung' Arno at Florence, patronising men of science and letters and holding nightly receptions, at which all visitors were expected to treat their hostess with the
See also:etiquette due to reigning
See also:royalty .
She died on the nth of
See also:January 1824 and was buried in Santa Croce, where in the south
See also:transept a marble monument by Giovannozzi and Santarelli commemorates her . By her willthe countess bequeathed all her
See also:property, including many historic
See also:objects of
See also:art and documents, to the
See also:companion of her old age, the French painter,
See also:Xavier Fabre, who ultimately gave the greater
See also:part of his
See also:legacy to the museum of his native
See also:town of
See also:Montpellier . Two excellent portraits of the countess of Albany and of Alfieri, painted by this artist, now hang in the Uffizi Gallery at Florence . $ee Vernon
See also:Lee, The Countess of Albany (1884); Marchesa Vitelleschi, A Court in
See also:Exile . (H . M .
DUKES OF ALBANY
ALBATEGNIUS (c. 850-929)
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