Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V01, Page 496 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ALBERT H. (1397-1439), German king, king of Bohemia and Hungary, and (as Albert V.) duke of Austria, was born on the loth of August 1397, the son of Albert IV. of Habsburg, duke of Austria. He succeeded to the duchy of Austria on his father's death in 1404. After receiving a good education, he undertook the government of Austria in 1411, and succeeded, with the aid of his advisers, in ridding the duchy of the evils which had arisen during his minority. He assisted the German king, Sigismund, in his campaigns against the Hussites, and in 1422 married Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Sigismund, who designated him as his successor. When the German king died in 1437, Albert was crowned king of Hungary on the 1st of January 1438, and although crowned king of Bohemia six months later, he was unable to obtain possession of the country. He was engaged in warfare with the Bohemians and their Polish allies, when on the 18th of March 1438 he was chosen German king at Frankfort, an honour which he does not appear to have sought. Afterwards engaged in defending Hungary against the attacks of the Turks, he died on the 27th of October 1439 at Langendorf, and was buried at Stuhlweissenburg. Albert was an energetic and war-like prince, whose short reign gave great promise of usefulness for Germany. See W. Altmann, Die Wahl Albrecht II. zum romischen Konige (Berlin, 1886).
End of Article: ALBERT H

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