Online Encyclopedia

ALCINOUS

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V01, Page 523 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ALCINOUS, the Platonic philosopher, lived probably in the time of the Caesars. He was the author of an 'Elrcro z TWv IIkarwvos Soyµarwv, an analysis of Plato's philosophy according to later writers. It is rather in the manner of Aristotle, and freely attributes to Plato any ideas of other philosophers which appeared to contribute to the system. He produced in the end a synthesis of Plato and Aristotle with an admixture of Pythagorean or Oriental mysticism, and is closely allied to the Alexandrian school of thought. He recognized -a God who is unknowable, and a series of beings (Saiµoves) who hold inter-course with men. He recognized also Ideas and Matter, and borrowed largely from Aristotle and the Stoics. The 'Err.ro n has been translated by Pierre Balbi (Rome, 1469) and by Marsilio Ficino; into French by J. I. Combes-Dounous (Paris, 1800), and into English by Thomas Stanley in his History o Philosophy. Editions: Heinsius (Leiden, 163o) ; Fischer Leipzig, 1783) ; in Aldine Edition of Apuleius (Venice, 1521; Paris, 1532) ; Fell (Oxford, 1667). See Ritter, Geschichte der Philosophie, iv. 249 ALCMAEON 523
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