Online Encyclopedia

ALCIPHRON

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V01, Page 523 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ALCIPHRON, Greek rhetorician, was probably a contemporary of Lucian (2nd century A.D.). He was the author of a collection of fictitious letters, of which 124 (118 complete and 6 fragments) have been published; they are written in the purest Attic dialect and are considered models of style. The scene is throughout at Athens; the imaginary writers are country people, fishermen, parasites and courtesans, who express their sentiments and opinions on familiar subjects in elegant language. The " courtesan " letters are especially valuable, the information contained in them being chiefly derived from the writers of the New Comedy, especially Menander. EDITI0Ns.-Editio princeps (44 letters), 1499; Bergler (1715); Seiler (1856); Hercher (1873); Schepers (1905). English translation by Monro and Beloe (1791).
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