Online Encyclopedia

ALEMBIC (Arab. al, definite article, ...

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V01, Page 540 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ALEMBIC (Arab. al, definite article, anbiq, a still; cognate to the • Gr. agOtE, a cup), an apparatus for distillation, used chiefly by the alchemists, and now superseded by the retort and the worm-still. It varied considerably in form and construction, but consisted essentially of three parts—a vessel containing the material to be distilled and called, from its gourd-like shape, the cucurbit or mattrass; a vessel to receive and condense the vapour, called the head or capital; and a receiver for the spirit, connected by a pipe with the capital. The entire apparatus was sometimes constructed of glass, but it was more usual to make the cucurbit of copper or earthenware; and the capital alone of glass.
End of Article: ALEMBIC (Arab. al, definite article, anbiq, a still; cognate to the • Gr. agOtE, a cup)
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