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COUNT ALEXIS GRIGORIEVICH ORLOV (1737...

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Originally appearing in Volume V20, Page 293 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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COUNT ALEXIS GRIGORIEVICH ORLOV (1737-1808), brother of the above, was by far the ablest member of the Orlov countly family, and was also remarkable for his athletic strength and dexterity. In the revolution of 1762 he played an even moreimportant part than his brother Gregory. It was he who conveyed Peter III. to the chateau of Ropsha and murdered him there with his own hands. In 1770 he was appointed commander-in-chief of the fleet sent against the Turks, whose far superior navy he annihilated at Cheshme (July 5th 1770), a victory which led to the conquest of the Greek archipelago. For this exploit he received, in 1774, the honorific epithet Chesmensky, and the privilege of quartering the imperial arms in his shield. The same year he went into retirement and settled at Moscow. He devoted himself to horse-breeding, and produced the finest race of horses then known by crossing Arab and Frisian, and Arab and English studs. In the war with Napoleon during 1806–07 Orlov commanded the militia of the fifth district, which was placed on a war footing almost entirely at his own expense. He left an estate worth five millions of roubles and 30,000 serfs. See article, " The Associates of Catherine II.," No. 2, in Russkaya Starina (Rus.) (St Petersburg, 1873).
End of Article: COUNT ALEXIS GRIGORIEVICH ORLOV (1737-1808)
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