ALICANTE , thecapital of the
See also:Spanish province described above, and one of the
See also:principal seaports of the-
See also:country . Pop . (1900) 50,142 . It is situated in 38° 21' N. and o° 26' W., on the
See also:Bay of Alicante, an inlet of the Mediterranean
See also:Sea . It is the termini of
See also:railways from
See also:Madrid and
See also:Murcia . From its
See also:harbour, the
See also:town presents a striking picture . Along the
See also:shore extends the Pasco de los Martires, a
See also:double avenue of palms; behind this, the
See also:flat-roofed houses rise in the
See also:form of a
See also:crescent towards the low hills which surround the city, and terminate, on the right, in a
See also:rock, 400 ft. high, surmounted by an
See also:ancient citadel . Its dry and equable
See also:climate renders Alicante a popular
See also:health-resort . The city is an episcopal see, and contains a
See also:cathedral . The bay affords
See also:good anchorage, but only small vessels can come up to the two moles . The harbour is fortified, and there is a small lighthouse on the eastern mole; important
See also:works, subsidized by the state, were undertaken in 1902 to provide better accomodation . In the same
See also:year 1737 vessels of 939,789 tons entered the
See also:port .
See also:trade of Alicante consists chiefly in the manufacture of
See also:linen and woollen goods, cigars and confectionery; the importation of
See also:coal, iron, machinery,
See also:oak staves and
See also:fish; and the exportation of lead, fruit,
See also:farm produce and red wines, which are sent to France for blending with better vintages .
See also:Fine marble is procured in the
See also:island of Plana near the
See also:coast . Alicante was the
See also:Roman Lucentum; but, despite its antiquity, it has few Roman or Moorish remains . In 718, it was occupied by the Moors, who were only expelled in 1304, and made an unsuccessful attempt to recapture the city in 1331 . Alicante was besieged by the French in 1709, and by the Federalists of
See also:Cartagena in 1873 . For an account of the events which led up to these two sieges, see SPAIN . For further details of the
See also:history, see J . Pastor de la Roca, Historia general de la
See also:ciudad y
See also:castillo de Alicante, &c . (Alicante, 1854); and the Ensayo biogrdfico bibliogrdfico de escritores de Alicante y de su provincia, by M . R . Garcia and A . Montero y
See also:Perez (Alicante, 1890) .
ALIBI (Lat. for "elsewhere")
ALICE MAUD MARY
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