See also:Spanish soldiers, well known during the Christian reconquest of Spain, and much employed as mercenaries in Italy and the
See also:Levant, during the 13th and 14th centuries . The Almogavares (the plural of Almogavar) came originally from the Pyrenees, and were in later times recruited mainly in
See also:Aragon and
See also:Catalonia . They were frontiersmen and
See also:foot-soldiers who wore no
See also:armour, dressed in skins, were shod with brogues (abarcas), and carried the same arms as the
See also:Roman legionaries--two heavy javelins (Spanish azagaya, the Roman pilum), a
See also:short stabbing sword and a
See also:shield . They served the
See also:king, the nobles, the
See also:church or the towns for pay, and were professional soldiers . When
See also:Peter III. of Aragon made war on
See also:Charles of
See also:Anjou after the Sicilian Vespers—3oth of
See also:March 1282—for the possession of Naples and
See also:Sicily, the Almogavares formed the most effective
See also:element of his army . Their discipline and ferocity, the force with which they hurled their javelins, and their activity, made them very formidable to the heavy
See also:cavalry of the Angevin armies . When the peace of Calatabellota in 1302 ended the war in
See also:southern Italy, the Almogavares followed Roger di
See also:Flor (Roger
See also:Blum) the unfrocked Templar, who entered the service of the emperor of the East, Andronicus, as condottieri to fight against the
See also:Turks . Their
See also:campaign in
See also:Asia Minor, 1303 and 1304, was a series of romantic victories, but their greed and violence made them intolerable to the Christian population . When Roger di Flor was assassinated by his Greek employer in 1305, they turned on the emperor, held Gallipoli and ravaged the neighbourhood of Constantinople . In 1310 they marched against the duke of Athens, of the French
See also:house of Brienne . Walter of Brienne was defeated and slain by them with all his knights at the
See also:battle of Cephissus, or Orchomenus, in
See also:Boeotia in March . They then divided the wives and possessions of the Frenchmen by lot and summoned a
See also:prince of the house of Aragon to
See also:rule over them .
Thefoundation of the Aragonese duchy of Athens was the culmination of the achievements of the Almogavares . In the 16th century the name died out . It was, however, revived for a short
See also:time as a party
See also:nickname in the
See also:wars of the reign of
See also:Ferdinand VII .
ALMODOVAR DEL CAMPO, or ALMODOVAR
ALMOHADES (properly Muwahhadis, i.e. " Unitarians,"...
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