Norman poet, and chronicler of the Third Crusade, author of a
See also:work called L'Estoire de la guerre sainte, which describes in rhyming French
See also:verse the adventures of
See also:Richard Coeur de Lion as a crusader . The poem is known to us only through one Vatican MS., and long escaped the
See also:notice of historians . The
See also:credit for detecting its value belongs to the
See also:late Gaston
See also:Paris, although his edition (1897) was partially anticipated by the editors of the Monumenta Germaniae Historica, who published some selections in the twenty-seventh
See also:volume of their Scriptores (1885) .
See also:Ambrose followed Richard I. as a non-, combatant, and not improbably as a
See also:minstrel . He speaks as an
See also:eye-witness of the
See also:king's doings at
See also:Messina, in Cyprus, at the
See also:siege of Acre, and in the abortive
See also:campaign which followed the capture of that city . Ambrose is surprisingly accurate in his chronology; though he did not
See also:complete his work before 1195, it is evidently founded upon notes which he had taken in the course of his pilgrimage . He shows no greater
See also:political insight than we should expect from his position; but relates what he had seen and heard with a naive vivacity which compels
See also:attention . He is prejudiced against the
See also:Saracens, against the French, and against all the rivals or enemies of his
See also:master; but he is never guilty of deliberate misrepresentation . He is rather to be treated as a biographer than as a historian of the Crusade in its broader aspects . None the less he is the chief authority for the events of the years 1190-1192, so far as these are connected with the
See also:Land . The Itinerarium Regis Ricardi (formerlyattributed to Geoffrey Vinsauf, but in reality the work of Richard, a
See also:canon of Holy Trinity,
See also:London) is little more than a
See also:paraphrase of Ambrose . The first
See also:book of the Itinerarium contains some additional facts; and the whole of the Latin version is adorned with
See also:flowers of rhetoric which are
See also:foreign to the
See also:style of Ambrose .
But it is no longer possible to regard the Itinerarium as a first-
See also:hand narrative . Stubbs's edition of the Itinerarium (Rolls Series, 1864), in which the contrary hypothesis, is maintained, appeared before Gaston Paris published his
See also:discovery . See the edition of L'Estoire de la guerre sainte by Gaston Paris in the Collection
See also:des documents inedits sur l'histoire de France (1897); the editor discusses in his introduction the biography of Ambrose, the value of the poem as a
See also:historical source, and its relation to the Itinerarium . R .
See also:Pauli's remarks (iri Monumenta Germaniae Historica . Scriptores,
See also:xxvii.) also deserve attention . ' (H . W . C .
AMBROSE (ANDREY SERTIS-KAMENSKIY) (1708-1771)
AMBROSE THE CAMALDULIAN
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