AMIENS , acity of
See also:northern France, capital of the department of
See also:Somme, on the
See also:bank of the Somme, 81 m . N. of
See also:Paris on the Northern railway to
See also:Calais . Pop . (1906) 78,407 . Amiens was once a place of
See also:great strength, and still possesses a citadel of the end of the 16th century, but the ramparts which surrounded it have been replaced by boulevards, bordered by handsome residences . Suburbs, themselves bounded by another
See also:line of boulevards, have arisen beyond these limits, and the city also extends to the right bank of the Somme . The busy quarter of Amiens lies between the
See also:river and the railway, which for some distance follows the inner line of boulevards . The older and more picturesque quarter is situated directly on the Somme; its narrow and irregular streets are intersected by the eleven arms of the river and it is skirted on the
See also:north by the canal derived therefrom . Besides its boulevards Amiens has the ample
See also:park or
See also:Promenade de la Hotoie to the west and several
See also:fine squares, notably the Place Longueville and the Place St Denis, in which stands the statue of the famous 17th-century
See also:Charles Ducange . The
See also:cathedral (see ARCHITECTURE: Romanesque and
See also:Gothic Architecture in France; and CATHEDRAL), which is perhaps the finest
See also:church of Gothic architecture in France, far exceeds the other buildings of the
See also:town in importance . Erected on the plans of Robert de Luzarches, chiefly between 1220 and 1288, it consists of a
See also:nave, nearly 140 ft. in height, with aisles and lateral chapels, a
See also:transept with aisles, and a
See also:choir (with deambulatory) ending in an apse surrounded by chapels . The
See also:total length is 469 ft., the breadth 216 ft .
See also:facade, which is flanked by two square towers without
See also:spires, has three portals decorated with a
See also:fusion of statuary, the central portal having a remarkable statue of Christ of the 13th century; they are surmounted by two galleries, the upper one containing twenty-two statues of the
See also:kings of
See also:Judah in its arcades, and by a line
See also:rose-window . A slender
See also:spire rises above the
See also:crossing . The
See also:southern portal is remarkable for a figure of the Virgin and otner statuary .
HENRI FREDERIC AMIEL (1821-1881)
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