AMYL NITRITE (isoamyl nitrite), C5H11 .ONO, a liquid prepared by passing nitrous fumes (from
See also:starch and concentrated nitric acid) into warm isoamyl
See also:alcohol; or by distilling a mixture of 26 parts of potassium nitrite in 15 parts of
See also:water with 30 parts of isoamyl alcohol in 30 parts of sulphuric: acid (Renard, Jahresb., 1874, p . 352) . It is a yellow-coloured liquid of specific gravity o•877, boiling at about 95°—96° C . It has a characteristic penetrating odour, and produces marked effects on the
See also:system when its vapour is inhaled . It is insoluble in water, but dissolves readily in alcohol,
See also:ether, glacial acetic acid,
See also:chloroform and
See also:benzene . On
See also:heating with methyl alcohol it is converted into isoamyl alcohol, methyl nitrite being produced at the same
See also:time; a similar reaction takes place with
See also:ethyl alcohol, but the
See also:change is less
See also:complete . It is readily decomposed by nascent hydrogen, with the formation of
See also:ammonia and isoamyl alcohol; and on hydrolysis with
See also:caustic potash it forms potassium nitrite and isoamyl alcohol . When the liquid is dropped on to fused caustic potash, it forms potassium valerate . Amyl nitrite finds application in
See also:medicine, and in the preparation of anhydrous diazonium salts (E . Knoevenagel, Berichie, 1890, 23, p . 2094) .
AMYL ALCOHOLS (C5H11OH)
HI! I have read that this substance is at the origin of aids, due to the fact that it attacks the biological cells. Is that true?
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.