ANDOVER , a township of
See also:county, Massachusetts, U.S.A., pleasantly situated on the S. side of the
See also:Merrimac Valley . Pop . (1890) 6142; (1900) 6813; (1910, U . S.
See also:census) 7301 . The Shawsheen
See also:river supplies power for a considerable manufacturing
See also:industry (twine, woollens and
See also:rubber goods being manufactured) in the villages of Andover, Ballardville and Frye . Andover, the
See also:village, is about 23 M . N. of Boston and is served by the western division of the Boston & Maine railway and by interurban electric
See also:railways . The township is noteworthy for its educational institutions .
See also:Abbot Academy, opened in 1829, is said to be the
See also:oldest existing academy in the
See also:United States incorporated for the
See also:education of girls alone; an
See also:art gallery, given to the academy by Mrs
See also:John Byers, was opened in 1907 .
See also:Phillips Academy, opened in 1778 (incorporated in 1780), was the first incorporated academy of the state; it was founded through the efforts of
See also:Samuel Phillips (1752—1802,
See also:president of the Massachusetts
See also:senate in 1785—1787 and in 1788—1801, and
See also:governor of Massachusetts in 1801—1802), by his
See also:father, Samuel Phillips (1715-1790), and his
See also:uncle, John Phillips (1719—1795), " for the purpose of instructing youth, not only in
See also:English and Latin grammar, writing, arithmetic and those sciences wherein they are commonly taught, but more especially to learn them the
See also:great end and real business of living." It is one of the largest secondary
See also:schools in New England and en joys a wide and high reputation . An archaeological department, with an important collection in
See also:American archaeology, was founded by Robert S .
See also:Peabody and his wife in 1901 .
The Academy grounds include those occupied in 1808—1909 by the Andover TheologicalSeminary before its removal to
See also:bridge (q.v.) . Andover was settled about 1643 and was incorporated in 1646, being named from the English
See also:town of Andover, Hampshire, whence some of the chief settlers had migrated; the first settlement was made in what is now the township of
See also:North Andover (pop . 5529 in 1910), which was separated from Andover in 1855 .
See also:Simon Bradstreet (1603=1697), important among the early men of Massachusetts, was one of the founders; and his wife, Anne
See also:Dudley Bradstreet (1612—1672), was the first woman versifier of
See also:America; the Bradstreet
See also:house in North Andover, said to have been built about 1667, is still
See also:standing . Andover was a prominent centre in the
See also:witchcraft trials of 1692 .
See also:Stuart Phelps-
See also:Ward was
See also:born and lived for many years in Andover, and Harriet
See also:Beecher Stowe lived here from 1852 to 1864 and is buried here . See S . L .
See also:Historical Sketches of Andover (Boston, I88o) ; John L .
See also:Taylor, Memoir of Samuel Phillips (Boston, 1856) ; and Philena and Phebe F . M'Keen,
See also:History of Abbot Academy (Andover, 188o) .
ANDORRA, or ANDORRE
BONIFACIO JOZA ANDRADA E SYLVA
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