See also:born on the 19th of
See also:December 1813 at
See also:Belfast, where his
See also:father was a
See also:merchant . After attending the Belfast Academy and also the Academical Institution, he went to
See also:Glasgow in 1828 to study chemistry under
See also:Thomson, and thence migrated to Trinity
See also:Dublin, where he gained distinction in
See also:classics as well as in science . Finally, he graduated as M.D. at
See also:Edinburgh in 1835, and settled down to a successful medical practice in his native place, also giving instruction in chemistry at the Academical Institution . Ten years later he was appointed
See also:president of the newly established
See also:Queen's College, Belfast, and professor of chemistry, and these two offices he held till 1879, when failing
See also:health compelled his retirement . He died on the 26th of
See also:November 1885 . Andrews first became known as a scientific investigator by his
See also:work on the
See also:developed in chemical actions, for which the Royal Society awarded him a Royal medal in 1844 . Another important
See also:research, undertaken with P . G .
See also:Tait, was devoted to
See also:ozone . But the work on which his reputation mainly rests, and which best displayed his skill and resourcefulness in experiment, was concerned with the liquefaction of gases . He carried out a very
See also:complete inquiry into the
See also:laws expressing the relations of pressure, temperature and
See also:volume in carbonic dioxide, in particular establishing the conceptions of critical temperature and critical pressure, and showing that the
See also:gas passes from the gaseous to the liquid state without any
See also:breach of continuity . His scientific papers were published in a collected
See also:form in 1889, with a memoir by Professors Tait and Crum
See also:Brown .
JAMES PETTIT ANDREWS (c. 1737–1797)
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