See also:EARL OF (1614-1686),
See also:British statesman, son of the 1st
See also:Viscount Valentia (cr . 1621) and Baron Mountnorris (cr . 1628), and of Dorothy, daughter of
See also:John Philipps of
See also:Pembrokeshire, was
See also:born at
See also:Dublin on the loth of
See also:July 1614, was educated at Magdalen
See also:Oxford, and was admitted to Lincoln's
See also:Inn in 1634 . Having made the
See also:grand tour he returned to
See also:Ireland; and being employed by the parliament in a
See also:mission to the duke of
See also:Ormonde, now reduced to the last extremities, he succeeded in concluding a treaty with him on the 19th of
See also:June 1647, thus securing the
See also:country from
See also:complete subjection to the rebels . In
See also:April 1647 he was returned for
See also:Radnorshire to the
See also:House of
See also:Commons . He supported the
See also:parliamentary as against the republican or army party, and appears to have been one of the members excluded in 1648 . He sat in
See also:Cromwell's parliament for Dublin city, and endeavoured to take his seat in the restored Rump Parliament of 1659 . He was made
See also:president of the council in
See also:February 166o, and in the
See also:Convention Parliament sat for
See also:borough . The anarchy of the last months of the
See also:commonwealth converted him to royalism, and he showed
See also:great activity in bringing about the Restoration . He used his influence in moderating
See also:measures of revenge and violence, and while sitting in
See also:judgment on the regicides was o1_ the side of leniency . In
See also:November r66o by his
See also:death he had become Viscount Valentia and Baron Mountnorris in the Irish
See also:peerage, and on the loth April 1661 he was created Baron Annesley of
See also:Newport Pagnell in Buckinghamshire and earl of Anglesey in the peerage of Great Britain . He supported the
See also:king's administration in parliament, but opposed strongly the unjust measure which, on the abolition of the
See also:court of wards, placed the extra
See also:burden of
See also:taxation thus rendered necessary on the
See also:excise .
His services in the administration of Ireland were especially valuable . He filled the
See also:office of
See also:vice-treasurer from 166o till 1667, served on the
See also:committee for carrying out the declaration for the settlement of Ireland and on the committee for Irish affairs, while later, in 1671 and 1672, he was a leading member of various commissions appointed to investigate the working of the Acts of Settlement . In February 1661 he had obtained a captaincy of
See also:horse, and in 1667 he exchanged his vice-treasuryship of Ireland for the treasuryship of the
See also:navy . His public career was marked by great independence and fidelity to principle . On the 24th of July 1663 he alone signed a protest against the
See also:bill " for the encouragement of
See also:trade," on the plea that owing to the
See also:free export of
See also:coin and
See also:bullion allowed by the
See also:act, and to the importation of
See also:foreign commodities being greater than the export of home goods, " it must necessarily follow . . . that our
See also:silver will also be carried away into foreign parts and all trade fail for want of
See also:money."' He especially disapproved of another clause in the same bill forbidding the importation of Irish
See also:cattle into England, a mischievous measure promoted by the duke of
See also:Buckingham, and he opposed again the bill brought in with that
See also:object in
See also:January 1 Protests of the Lords, by J . E . Thorold
See also:Rogers (1875), i . 27: Carti's
See also:Life of Ormonde (1851), iv . 234; Parl . Hist. iv . 284 .
1667 . This same
See also:year his
See also:naval accounts were subjected to an examination in consequence of his indignant refusal to take
See also:part in the attack upon Ormonde;' and he was suspended from his office in 1668, no
See also:charge,however, against him being substantiated . He took a prominent part in the dispute in 1671 between the two Houses concerning the right of the Lords to amend money bills, and wrote a learned pamphlet on the question entitled The Privileges of the House of Lords and Commons (1702), in which the right of the Lords was asserted . In April 1673 he was appointed
See also:lord privy seal, and was disappointed at not obtaining the great seal the same year on the removal of
See also:Shaftesbury . In 1679 he was included in Sir W .
See also:Temple's new-modelled council . In the bitter religious controversies of the
See also:time Anglesey showed great moderation and toleration . In 1674 he is mentioned as endeavouring to prevent the justices putting into :orce the
See also:laws against the
See also:Roman Catholics and Nonconformists.' In the panic of the " Popish Plot " in 1678 he exhibited a saner judgment than most of his contemporaries and a conspicuous courage . On the 6th of
See also:December he protested with three other peers against the m asure sent up from the Commons enforcing the disarming of all convicted recusants and taking
See also:bail from them to keep the peace; he was the only peer to dissent from the motion declaring the existence of an Irish plot; and though believing in the
See also:guilt and voting for the death of Lord Stafford, he interceded, according to his own account,' with the king for him as well as for
See also:Langhorne and Plunket . His
See also:independent attitude drew upon him an attack by
See also:Dangerfield, and in the Commons by the
See also:attorney-general, Sir W .
See also:Jones, who accused him of endeavouring to stifle the evidence against the Romanists . In
See also:March 1679 he protested against the second
See also:reading of the bill for disabling
See also:Danby .
In 1681 Anglesey wrote A
See also:Letter from a
See also:Person of
See also:Honour in the Country, as a rejoinder to the earl of Castlehaven, who had published
See also:memoirs on the Irish
See also:rebellion defending the
See also:action of the Irish and the Roman Catholics . In so doing Anglesey was held by Ormonde to have censured his conduct and that of
See also:Charles I. in concluding the " Cessation," and the duke brought the
See also:matter before the council . In 1682 he wrote The Account of Arthur, Earl of Anglesey . . . of the true state of Your
See also:Government and
See also:Kingdom, which was addressed to the king in a
See also:tone of censure and remonstrance, but appears not to have been printed till 1694.' In consequence he was dismissed on the 9th of
See also:August 1682 from the office of lord privy seal . In 1683 he appeared at the Old
See also:Bailey as a witness in defence of Lord
See also:Russell, and in June 1685 he protested alone against the revision of Stafford's
See also:attainder . He died at his home at Blechingdon in
See also:Oxfordshire on the 26th of April 1686, closing a career marked by great ability, statesmanship and business capacity, and by conspicuous courage and independence of judgment . He amassed a large
See also:fortune in Ireland, in which country he had been allotted lands by Cromwell . The unfavourable character
See also:drawn of him by Burnet is certainly unjust and not supported by any evidence .
See also:Pepys, a far more trustworthy
See also:judge, speaks of him invariably in terms of respect and approval as a "
See also:grave, serious man," and commends his
See also:appointment as treasurer of the navy as that of "a very notable man and understanding and will do things
See also:regular and understand them himself."5 He was a learned and cultivated man and collected a celebrated library, which was dispersed at his death . Besides the
See also:pamphlets already mentioned, he wrote :—A True Account of the Whole Proceedings betwixt . . . the Duke of
See also:Ormond and . . . the Earl of Anglesey (1682); A Letter of Remarks upon lovian (1683); other
See also:works ascribed to him being The King's Right of Indulgence in Matters Spiritual .
. . asserted (1688); Truth Unveiled, to which is added a
See also:Treatise on . . .
See also:Transubstantiation (1676); The
See also:Obligation resulting from the
See also:Oath of Supremacy (1688); and 1 Carti's Ormonde, iv . 330, 340 . 2 Cal. of State Pap . Dom . (1673-1675), p . 152 . Memoirs, 8, 9 . ' By Sir J .
See also:Thompson, his son-in-
See also:law . Reprinted in Somers Tracts (
See also:Scott, 1812), viii .
344, and in Parl . Hist. iv. app. xvi . '
See also:Diary (ed .
See also:Wheatley, 19.04), iv . 298, vii . 14.England's Confusion (1659) . Memoirs of Lord Anglesey were published by Sir P . Pett in 1693, but contain little
See also:biographical information and were repudiated as a, mere imposture by Sit John Thompson (Lord Haversham), his son-in-law, in his preface to Lord Anglesey's State of the Government in 1694 . The author however of the preface to The Rights of the Lords asserted (1702), while blaming their publication as "scattered and unfinished papers," admits their genuineness . Lord Anglesey married
See also:Elizabeth, daughter and co-heiress of Sir
See also:James Altham of Oxey,
See also:Hertfordshire, by whom, besides other
See also:children, he had James, who succeeded him, Altham, created Baron Altham, and Richard, afterwards 3rd Baron Altham . His descendant Richard, the 6th earl (d . 1761),
See also:left a son Arthur, whose
See also:legitimacy was doubted, and the peerage became
See also:extinct .
He was summoned to the Irish House of Peers as Viscount Valentia, but was denied hiswrit to the parliament of Great Britain by a majority of one
See also:vote . He was created in 1793 earl of Mountnorris in the peerage of Ireland . All the male descendants of the 1st earl of Anglesey became extinct in the person of
See also:George, 2nd earl of Mountnorris, in 1844, when the titles of Viscount Valentia and Baron Mountnorris passed to his
See also:cousin Arthur Annesley (1785-1863), who thus became loth Viscount Valentia, being descended from the 1st Viscount Valentia. the father of the 1st earl of Anglesey in the Annesley
See also:family . The 1st viscount was also the ancestor of the Earls Annesley in the Irish peerage . Dom.; State Trials, viii. and ix . 619 . (P . C .
HENRY WILLIAM PAGET ANGLESEY
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