See also:Turkey (anc .
See also:Ancyra) in
See also:Asia, capital of the vilayet of the same name, situated upon a steep, rocky
See also:hill, which rises 500 ft. above the plain, on the
See also:bank of the Enguri Su, a tributary of the Sakaria(Sangarius), about 220 M . E.S.E. of Constantinople . The hill is crowned by the ruins of the old citadel, which add to the picturesqueness of the view; but the
See also:town is not well built, its streets being narrow and many of its houses constructed of
See also:sun-dried mud bricks; there are, however, many
See also:fine remains of Graeco-
See also:Roman and
See also:Byzantine architecture, the most remarkable being the
See also:temple of Rome and
See also:Augustus, on the walls of which is the famous Monumentum Ancyranum (see ANCYRA) . Ancyra was the centre of the Tectosages, one of the three Gaulish tribes which settled in
See also:Galatia in the 3rd century B.C., and became the capital of the Roman province of Galatia when it was formally constituted in 25 B.C . During the Byzantine
See also:period, throughout which it occupied a position of
See also:great importance, it was captured by Persians and
See also:Arabs; then it fell into the hands of the Seljuk
See also:Turks, was held for eighteen years by the Latin Crusaders, and finally passed to the
See also:Ottoman Turks in 136o . In 1402 a great
See also:battle was fought in the vicinity of
See also:Angora, in which the
See also:Turkish sultan Bayezid was defeated and made prisoner by the Tatar conqueror Timur . In 1415 it was recovered by the Turks under Mahommed I., and since that period has belonged to the Ottoman
See also:empire . In 1832 it was taken by the Egyptians under
See also:Pasha . Angora is connected with Constantinople by railway, and exports wool,
See also:grain and yellow berries . Mohair
See also:cloth is manufactured, and the town is noted for its
See also:honey and fruit .
From 1639 to 1768 there was an agency of the
See also:Company here; there is now a
See also:consul . Pop. estimated at 28,000 (Moslems,18,000; Christians, largely Roman Catholic Armenians, about 9400; Jews, 400) . (2) A Turkish vilayet in
See also:north-central Asia Minor, which includes most of the
See also:ancient Galatia . It is an agricultural
See also:country, depending for its prosperity on its grain, wool (
See also:annual export, 4,400,000 ib), and the mohair obtained from the beautiful Angora goats (average annual clip, 3,300,000 ib) . The fineness of the hair may perhaps be ascribed to some peculiarity in the atmosphere, for it is remarkable that the
See also:dogs and other animals of the country are to a certain extent affected in the same way, and that they all lose much of their distinctive beauty when taken from their native districts . The only important
See also:industry is
See also:weaving at Kir-sheher and Kaisarfeh . There are mines of
See also:silver, copper,
See also:lignite and
See also:salt, and many hot springs, including some of great repute medicinally . Average annual exports 1896-1898, £920,762; imports, £411,836 . Pop. about 900,000 (Moslems, 765,000 to 800,000, the
See also:rest being Christians, with a few
See also:hundred Jews) . (J . G . C .
A.) See C .Ritter, Erdkunde von Asien (vol. xviii., 1837—1839) ; V . Cuinet, La Turquie d'Asie, t. i . (1891);
See also:Murray's Handbook to Asia Minor (1895); and other
See also:works mentioned under ANCYRA .
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.