Online Encyclopedia

ANI (anc. Abnicum)

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V02, Page 47 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ANI (anc. Abnicum)  , an ancient and ruined Armenian city, in
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Russian
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Transcaucasia, government Erivan, situated at an altitude of 4390 ft., between the Arpa-chai (Harpasus) and a deep
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ravine . In 961 it became the capital of the Bagratid kings of Armenia, and when yielded to the
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Byzantine emperor (1046) it . was a populous city, known traditionally as the " city with the tool churches." It was taken eighteen years later by the Seljuk
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Turks, five times by the Georgians between 1125 and 1209, in 1239 by the
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Mongols, and its ruin was completed by an earth-quake in 1319 . It is still surrounded by a double wall partly in ruins, and amongst the remains are a " patriarchal " church finished in Ioto, two other churches, both of the 11th century, a
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fourth built in 1215, and a palace of large
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size . See Brosset,
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Les Ruines d'Ani (186o-1861) .

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