See also:history, the
See also:period of whose
See also:literary activity lasted from the
See also:time of the Second Punic War to that of Sulla . They wrote the history of Rome from the earliest times (in most cases) down to their own days, the events of which were treated in much greater detail . For the earlier period their authorities were state and
See also:family records—above all, the annales maximi (or annales pontificum), the official
See also:chronicle of Rome, in which the notable occurrences of each
See also:year from the foundation of the city were set down by the
See also:pontifex maxilnus . Although these
See also:annals were no doubt destroyed at the time of the burning of Rome by the Gauls, they were restored as far as possible and continued until the pontificate of P . Mucius
See also:Scaevola, by whom they were finally published in eighty books . Two generations of these annalists have been distinguished—an older and a younger . The older, which extends to 150 L.C., set forth, in bald, unattractive language, without any pretensions to
See also:style, but with a certain amount of trustworthiness, the most important events of each successive year .
See also:Cicero (De Oratore, ii . 12 . 53), comparing these writers with the old Ionic logographers, says that they paid no
See also:attention to
See also:ornament, and considered the only merits of a writer to be intelligibility and conciseness . Their annals were a mere compilation of facts . The younger generation, in view of the requirements and
See also:criticism of a
See also:reading public, cultivated the
See also:art of composition and rhetorical embellishment .
See also:rule the annalists wrote in a spirit of uncritical patriotism, which led them to minimize or
See also:gloss over such disasters as the
See also:conquest of Rome by
See also:Porsena and the compulsory payment of ransom to the Gauls, and to flatter the
See also:people by exaggerated accounts of Roman prowess, dressed up in fanciful language . At first they wrote in Greek, partly because a
See also:national style was not yet formed, and partly because Greek was the fashionable language amongst the educated, although Latin versions were probably published as well . The first of the annalists, the
See also:father of Roman history, as he has been called, was Q .
See also:FABIUS PICTOR (see FABIUS PICTOR) ; contemporary with him was L . Cincius ALIMENTUS, who flourished during the Hannibalic war.' Like Fabius Pictor, he wrote in Greek . He was taken prisoner by Hannibal (
See also:Livy xxi . 38), who is said to have given him details of the
See also:crossing of the
See also:Alps . His
See also:work embraced the history of Rome from its foundation down to his own days . With M . PORCIUS
See also:CATO (q.v.)
See also:historical composition ' He is not to be confused with L . Cincius, the author of various
See also:political and antiquarian
See also:treatises (de Fastis, de Comitiis, de Priscis Verbis), who lived in the Augustan age, to which period
See also:Mommsen, considering them a later fabrication, refers the Greek annals of L . Cincius Alimentus .
ANNALS (Annales, from annus, a year)
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