See also:Francis of
See also:Assisi, was
See also:born at
See also:Lisbon on the 15th of
See also:August 1195 . In his fifteenth
See also:year he entered the Augustinian
See also:order, and subsequently joined the
See also:Franciscans in 1220 . He wished to devote himself to missionary labours in
See also:North Africa, but the
See also:ship in which he sailed was
See also:cast by a
See also:storm on the
See also:coast of
See also:Sicily, whence he made his way to Italy . He taught
See also:theology at Bologna, Toulouse,
See also:Montpellier and
See also:Padua, and won a
See also:great reputation as a preacher throughout Italy . He was the
See also:leader of the rigorous party in the Franciscan order against the mitigations introduced by the general
See also:Elias . His
See also:death took place at the convent of Ara Coeli, near Padua, on the 13th of
See also:June 1231 . He was canonized by
See also:Gregory IX. in the following year, and his festival is kept on the 13th of June . He is regarded as the
See also:patron saint of Padua and of
See also:Portugal, and is appealed to by devout clients for finding lost
See also:objects . The meagre accounts of his
See also:life which we possess have been supplemented by numerous popular legends, which represent him as a continuous worker of miracles, and describe his marvellous eloquence by pictures of fishes leaping out of the
See also:water to hear him . There are many confraternities established in his
See also:honour throughout Christendom, and the number of "pious"
See also:biographies devoted to him would fill many volumes . The most trustworthy
See also:works are by A . Lepitre, St
See also:Antoine de Padoue (
See also:Paris, 1902, in
See also:Saints series:
See also:good bibliography; Eng. trans. by Edith
See also:London, 1902), and by
See also:Leopold de Cherance, St Antoine de Padoue (Paris, 1895; Eng. trans., London, 1896) .
His works, consisting of sermons and a mystical commentary on theBible, were published in an appendix to those of St Francis, in the Annales Minorum of Luke
See also:Wadding (Antwerp, 1623), and are also reproduced by Horoy, Medii aevi bibliotheca patristica (1880, vi . PP . 555 et sqq.) ; see
See also:art . "
See also:Antonius von Padua " in Herzog-Hauck, Realencyklopadie .
CHARLES ANTHON (1797-1867)
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