See also:monk, was
See also:born in
See also:Egypt about 250 . At the age of twenty he began to practise an ascetical
See also:life in the neighbourhood of his native place, and after fifteen years of this life he withdrew into solitude to a
See also:mountain by the Nile, called Pispir, now Der el Memun, opposite
See also:Arsinoe in the
See also:Fayum . Here he lived strictly enclosed in an old fort for twenty years . At last in the early years of the 4th century he emerged from his retreat and set himself to organize the monastic life of the crowds of monks who had followed him and taken up their abode in the caves around him . After a
See also:time, again in pursuit of more
See also:complete solitude, he withdrew to the mountain by the Red
See also:Sea, where now stands the monastery that bears his name (Der
See also:Mar Antonios) . Here he died about the
See also:middle of the 4th century . His Life states that on two occasions he went to Alexandria, to strengthen the Christians in the
See also:Diocletian persecution and to preach against Arianism . Anthony is recognized as the first Christian monk and the first organizer and
See also:father of Christian monachism (seeMoNAST1e1sM) . Certain letters and sermons are attributed to him, but their authenticity is more than doubtful . The monastic
See also:rule which bears his name was not written by him, but was compiled out of these writings and out of discourses and utterances put into his mouth in the Life and the Apophthegmata Patrum . According to this rule live a number of Coptic Syrian and Armenian monks to this
See also:day . The chief source of information about St Anthony is the Life, attributed to St
See also:Athanasius .
This attribution, as also the
See also:historical character of the
See also:book, and even the very existence of St Anthony, were questioned and denied by the sceptical
See also:criticism of
See also:thirty years ago; but such doubts are no longer entertained by critical scholars . The Greek Vita is among the
See also:works of St Athanasius; the almost contemporary Latin
See also:translation is among Rosweyd's Vitae Patrum (
See also:Migne, Patrol .
See also:Lat. lxxiii.) ; an
See also:English translation is in the Athanasius
See also:volume of the " Nicene and
See also:Post-Nicene Library." Accounts of St Anthony are given by Card . Newman,
See also:Church of the Fathers (Historical Sketches) and
See also:Butler, Lives of the
See also:Saints (
See also:Jan . 17) . Discussions of the historical and critical questions raised will be found in E . C . Butler's Lausiac
See also:History of Palladius (1898, 1904),
See also:Part I. pp . 197, 215-228; Part II. pp. ix.-xii . (E . C .
SAINT ANTHONY OF PADUA (1195-1231)
SUSAN BROWNELL ANTHONY (1820-1906)
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