ANTIGONUS GONATAS (c. 319–239 B.C.) , Macedonian
See also:king, was the son of
See also:Demetrius Poliorcetes, and
See also:grandson of Antigonus Cyclops . On the
See also:death of his
See also:father (283), he assumed the title of king of
See also:Macedonia, but did not obtain possession of the
See also:throne till 276, after it had been successively in the hands of
See also:Lysimachus, Seleucus, and
See also:Ptolemy Ceraunus . Antigonus repelled the invasion of the Gauls, and continued in undisputed possession of Macedonia till 274, when Pyrrhus returned from Italy, and (in 273) made himself
See also:master of nearly all the
See also:country . On the advance of Pyrrhus into
See also:Peloponnesus, he recovered his dominions . He was again (between 263 and 255) driven out of his kingdomby
See also:Alexander, the son of Pyrrhus, and again recovered it . The latter
See also:part of his reign was comparatively peaceful, and he gained the affection of his subjects by his honesty and his cultivation of the arts . He gathered
See also:round him distinguished
See also:literary men—philosophers, poets, and historians . He died in the eightieth
See also:year of his age, and the
See also:fourth of his reign . His surname was usually derived by later Greek writers from the name of his supposed birthplace, Gonni (Gonnus) in
See also:Thessaly; some take it to be a Macedonian word signifying an iron
See also:plate for protecting the
See also:knee; neither conjecture is a happy one, and in our
See also:ignorance of the Macedonian language it must remain unexplained . Plutarch, Demetrius, Pyrrhus,
See also:xxiv . 1;
See also:xxv . I-3;
See also:Polybius ii .
43-45, ix• 29, 34 . See Thiriwall,
See also:History of
See also:Greece, vol. viii . (1847) ; Holm, Griech . Gesch. vol. iv . (1894) ; Niese, Gesch. d. griech. u. maked . Staaten, vols. i. and ii . (1893, 1899); Beloch, Griech . Gesch. vol. iii . (1904) ; also Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, Antigonos von Karystos (1881) .
ANTIGONUS CYCLOPS (or MONOPTHALMOS; so called from ...
ANTIGONUS OF CARYSTUS (in Euboea)
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