APAMEA , the name of several towns in western
See also:Asia . 1 . A treasure city and
See also:depot of the Seleucid
See also:kings in the valley of the
See also:Orontes . It was so named by Seleucus Nicator, after Apama, his wife . Destroyed by
See also:Chosroes in the 7th century A.D., it was partially rebuilt and known as Famia by the
See also:Arabs; and overthrown by an
See also:earthquake in 1152 . It kept its importance down to the
See also:time of the
See also:Crusades . The acropolis
See also:hill is now occupied by the ruins of
See also:Kalat el-Mudik . See R . F .
See also:Burton and T . Drake, Unexplored
See also:Syria; E . Sachau, Reise in Syrien, 1883 .
2 . A city in
See also:Phrygia, founded by
See also:Soter (from whose
See also:mother, Apama, it received its name), near, but on
See also:lower ground than,
See also:Celaenae . It was situated where the
See also:Marsyas leaves the hills to join the Maeander, and it became a seat of Seleucid power, and a centre of Graeco-
See also:Roman and Graeco-
See also:civilization and commerce . There Antiochus the
See also:Great collected the army with which he met the Romans at
See also:Magnesia, and there two years later the treaty between Rome and the Seleucid
See also:realm was signed . After Antiochus' departure for the East, Apamea lapsed to the Pergamenian
See also:kingdom and thence to Rome in 133, but it was resold to
See also:Mithradates V., who held it till 120 . After the Mithradatic
See also:wars it became and remained a great centre for
See also:trade, largely carried on by
See also:resident Italians and by Jews . In 84 Sulla made it the seat of a conventus of the Asian province, and it long claimed primacy among Phrygian cities . Its decline
See also:dates from the
See also:local disorganization of the
See also:empire in the 3rd century A.D.; and though a bishopric, it was not an important military or commercial centre in
See also:Byzantine times . The
See also:Turks took it first in 1070, and from the 13th century onwards it was always in Moslem hands . For a long
See also:period it was one of the greatest cities of Asia Minor, commanding the Maeander road; but when the trade routes were diverted to Constantinople it rapidly declined, and its ruin was completed by an earthquake . A Jewish tradition, possibly arising from a name Cibotus (
See also:ark), which the
See also:bore, identified a neighbouring
See also:mountain with
See also:Ararat . The famous " Noah " coins of the emperor
See also:Philip commemorate this belief .
The site is now partly occupied by
See also:Dineir (q.v., sometimes locally known also as Geiklar, " the gazelles," perhaps from a tradition of the Persian
See also:park, seen by
See also:Xenophon at Celaenae), which is connected with
See also:Smyrna by railway; there are considerable remains, including a great number of important Graeco-Roman inscriptions . See W . M .
See also:Ramsay, Cities and Bishoprics of Phrygia, vol. ii.; G . Weber, Dineir-Celenes (1892); D . G .
See also:Hogarth in Journ .
See also:Hell . Studies (1888); 0 . Hirschfeld in Trans . Berlin Academy (1875) . (D .
G . H.)
See also:APATITE 159 3 . A town on the
See also:bank of the
See also:Euphrates, at the end of a
See also:bridge of boats (zeugma); the Til-Barsip of the
See also:Assyrian inscriptions, now Birejik (q.v.) . 4 . The earlier Myrlea of
See also:Bithynia, now
See also:Mudania (q.v.), the
See also:port of
See also:Brusa . The name was given it by Prusias I., who rebuilt it . 5 . A city mentioned by Stephanus and Pliny as situated near the
See also:Tigris, the
See also:identification of which is still uncertain . 6 . A Greek city in
See also:Parthia, near Rhagae .
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