Online Encyclopedia

APHTHONIUS

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V02, Page 168 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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APHTHONIUS, of Antioch, Greek sophist and rhetorician, flourished in the second half of the 4th century A.D., or even later. Nothing is known of his life, except that he was a friend of Libanius and of a certain Eutropius, perhaps the author of the epitome of Roman history. We possess by him IIpoyvuvavµara, a text-book on the elements of rhetoric, with exercises for the use of the young before they entered the regular rhetorical schools. They apparently formed an introduction to the TExv'I of Hermogenes. His style is pure and simple, and ancient critics praise his " Atticism." The book maintained its popularity as late as the 17th century, especiallyin Germany. Acollection of forty fables by Aphthonius, of ter the style of Aesop, is also extant. Spengel, Rhetores Graeci, ii.; Finckh, Aphthonii Progymnasmata(1865); Hoppichler, De Theone, Hermogene, Aphthonioque Progymnasmatum Scriptoribus (1884); edition of the fables by Furia (181o).
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