APOLLINARIS , " the Younger " (d . A.D . 390),
See also:bishop of Laodicea in
See also:Syria . He collaborated with his
See also:father Apollinaris the Elder in reproducing the Old Testament in the
See also:form of Homeric and Pindaric
See also:poetry, and the New after the fashion of Platonic dialogues, when the emperor Julian had forbidden Christians to teach the
See also:classics . He is best known, however, as a warm opponent of Arianism, whose eagerness to emphasize the deity of Christ and the unity of His
See also:person led him so far as a denialof the existence of a rational human soul (vas) in Christ's human nature, this being replaced in Him by a prevailing principle of holiness, to wit the
See also:Logos, so that His
See also:body was a glorified and spiritualized form of humanity . Over against this the orthodox or Catholic positionmaintained that Christassumed human nature in its entirety including the vows, for only so could He be example and redeemer . It was held that the
See also:system of Apollinaris was really Docetism (see
See also:DOCETAE), that if the Godhood without constraint swayed the manhood there was no possibility of real human
See also:probation or of real advance in Christ's manhood . The position was accordingly condemned by several synods and in particular by that of Constantinople (A.D . 381) . This did not prevent its having a considerable following, which after Apollinaris's
See also:death divided into two sects, the more conservative taking its name (Vitalians) from Vitalis, bishop of
See also:Antioch, the other (Polemeans) adding the further assertion that the two natures were so blended that even the body of Christ was a
See also:object of adoration . The whole Apollinarian type of thought persisted in what was later the Monophysite (q.v.) school . Although Apollinaris was a prolific writer, scarcely anything has survived under his own name .
But a number of his writings
See also:art concealed under the names of orthodox Fathers, e.g . , Kara Apra rlarrs, long ascribed to
See also:Gregory Thaumaturgus . These have been collected and edited by Hans Lietzmann . He must be distinguished from the bishop of
See also:Hierapolis who
See also:bore the same name, and who wrote one of the early Christian " Apologies " (c . 170) . See A .
See also:History of
See also:Dogma, vols. iii. and iv. passim; R . L . Ottley, The
See also:Doctrine of the Incarnation; G . Voisin, L'Apollinarisme (
See also:Louvain, 1901); H . Lietzmann, Apollinaris von Laodicea and
See also:seine Schule (
See also:Tubingen, 1905) .
CAIUS SOLLIUS APOLLINARIS SIDONIUS (c. 430–487 or...
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.