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APTIAN (Fr. Aptien, from Apt in Vaucl...

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Originally appearing in Volume V02, Page 234 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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APTIAN (Fr. Aptien, from Apt in Vaucluse, France), in geology, the term introduced in 1843 by A. d'Orbigny (Pal. France Cret. ii.) for the upper stage of the Lower Cretaceous rocks. In England it comprises the Lower Greensand and part of the Speeton beds; in France it is divided into two sub-stages, the lower, " Bedoulian," of Bedoule in Provence, with Hoplites deshayesei and Ancyloceras Matheroni; and an upper, " Gargasian," from Gargas near Apt, with Hoplites furcatus (Dufrenoyi) and Phylloceras Guettardi. To this stage belong the Toucasia limestone and Orbitolina marls of Spain; the Schrattenkalk (part) of the Alpine and Carpathian regions; and the Terebrirostra limestone of the same area. Parts of the Flysch of the eastern Alps, the Biancone of Lombardy, and argile scagliose of Emilia, are of Aptian age; so also are the " Trinity Beds " of North America. Deposits of bauxite occur in the Aptian hippurite lime-stone at Les Baux near Arles, and in the Pyrenees. The Aptian rocks are generally clays, marls and green glauconitic sands with occasional limestones. (See GREENSAND and CRETACEOUS.)
End of Article: APTIAN (Fr. Aptien, from Apt in Vaucluse, France)
APTERAL (from the Gr. eorrepos, wingless, a-, priva...

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