Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V02, Page 337 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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MARIE HENRI ARBOIS DE JUBAINVILLE D' (1827-1910), French historian and philologist, was born at Nancy on the 5th of December 1827. In 1851 he left the icole des Chartes with the degree of palaeographic archivist. He was placed in control of the departmental archives of Aube, and remained in that position until 188o, when he retired on a pension. He published several volumes of inventorial abstracts, a Repertoire archeologique du departement in 1861; a valuable Histoire des ducs et comles de Champagne depuis le VP siecle- jusqu'd la fin du XP, which was published between 1859 and 1869 (8 vols.), and in 188o an instructive monograph upon Les Intendants de Champagne. But already he had become attracted towards the study of the most ancient inhabitants of Gaul; in 1870 he brought out an Etude sur la declinaison des noms propres clans la langue franque a l'epoque merovingienne; and in 1877 a learned work upon Les Premiers Habitants de l'Europe (2nd edition in 2 vols. 1889 and 1894). Next he concentrated his efforts upon the field of Celtic languages, literature and law, in which he soon became an authority. Appointed in 1882 to the newly founded professorial chair of Celtic at the College de France, he began the Cours de litterature celtique which in 1908 extended to twelve volumes. For this he himself edited the following works: Introduction a l'etude de la litterature celtique (1883); L'Epopee celtique en Irlande (1892); Eludes sur le droit celtique (1895); and Les Principaux Auteurs de l'antiquite d consulter sur l'histoire des Celtes (1902). He was among the first in France to enter upon the study of the most ancient monuments of Irish literature with a solid philological preparation and without empty prejudices. We owe to him also Les Celtes depuis les temps les plus recules jusqu'd l'an zoo avant noire ere (1904), and a study of comparative law in La Famille celtique (1905). Numerous detailed studies upon the Gaulish names of persons and places took synthetic form in the Recherches sur l'origine de la propriele fonciere (189o), whichillumined one of the most interesting aspects of the Roman occupation of Gaul. The Recueil de memoires concernant la litterature et l'histoire celtioues, made by the most notable among his disciples on the occasion of his seventy-eighth birth-day (1906), was a well-deserved tribute to his persevering and fruitful industry. He died in February 191o. (C. B.*)

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