ARCHANGEL (ARCHANGELSK) , a
See also:government of
See also:European Russia, bounded N. by the
See also:Sea and Arctic Ocean, W. by Finland and
See also:Olonets, S. by
See also:Vologda, and E. by the Ural mountains . It comprehends the islands of Novaya-Zemlya, Vaygach and
See also:Kolguev, and the peninsula of
See also:Kola . Its
See also:area is 331,505 sq. m., and its population in 1867 was 275,779 and in 1897, 349,943 . The
See also:part which lies within the Arctic Circle is very desolate and sterile, consisting chiefly of sand and
See also:moss . The winter is long and severe, and even in summer the
See also:soil is frozen . The
See also:rivers (Tuloma,
See also:Dvina; Mezen and
See also:Pechora) are closed in
See also:September and scarcely thaw before
See also:July . The Kola peninsula is, however, diversified by hills exceeding 3000 ft. in altitude and by large lakes (e.g . Imandra), and its
See also:coast enjoys a much more genial
See also:climate . South of the Arctic Circle the greater part of the
See also:country is covered with forests, intermingled with lakes and morasses, though in places there is excellent pasturage . Here the
See also:spring is moist, with
See also:cold, frosty nights; the summer a succession of long foggy days; the autumn again moist . The rivers are closed from
See also:October to
See also:April . The inhabitants of the
See also:northern districts—nomad tribes of
See also:Samoyedes, Zyryans, Lapps, and the Finnish tribes of Karelians and Chudes—support themselves by fishing and
See also:hunting .
See also:southern districts
See also:hemp and
See also:flax are raised, but
See also:grain crops are little cultivated, so that the bark of trees has often to be ground up to eke out the scanty supply of
See also:flour . Potatoes are grown as far
See also:north as 65° .
See also:Shipbuilding is carried on, and the forests yield
See also:timber, pitch and
See also:tar . Excellent
See also:cattle are raised in the
See also:district of Kholmogory on the Dvina, veal being supplied to St
See also:Petersburg . Gold is found in the districts of Kola,
See also:naphtha and
See also:salt in those of Kem and Pinega, and
See also:lignite in Mezen . Sulphurous springs exist in the districts of Kholmogory and Shenkursk . The
See also:industry and commerce are noticed below in the article on the
See also:town Archangel, which is the capital . The government is divided into nine districts, the chief towns of which are—Alexandrovsk or Kola (pop . 3oo), Archangel (q.v.), Kem (1825), Kholmogory (1465), Mezen (2040), Novaya-Zemlya (
See also:island), Pechora, Pinega (r000) and Shenkursk (1308) . See A . P . Engelhardt, A
See also:Russian Province of the North (Eng. trans., by H .
Cooke, 1899) .
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.