Online Encyclopedia

ARCHIPELAGO

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V02, Page 369 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ARCHIPELAGO, a name now applied to any island-studded sea, but originally the distinctive designation of what is now generally known as the Aegean Sea (Alyaiov iEXayos), its ancient name having been revived. Several etymologies have been proposed: e.g. (I) it is a corruption of the ancient name, Egeopelago; (2) it is from the modern Greek, `Ayto irEXayo, the Holy Sea; (3) it arose at the time of the Latin empire, and means the Sea of the Kingdom (Arch); (4) it is a translation of the Turkish name, Ak Denghiz, Argon Pelagos, the White Sea; (5) it is simply Archipelagus, Italian, arcipelago, the chief sea. For the Grecian Archipelago see AEGEAN SEA. Other archipelagoes are described in their respective places.
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