Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V02, Page 452 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ARENIG GROUP, in geology, the name now applied by British geologists to the lowest stage of the Ordovician System in Britain. The term was first used by Adam Sedgwick in 1847 with reference to the " Arenig Ashes and Porphyries " in the neighbourhood of Arenig Fawr, in Merioneth, North Wales. The rock-succession in the Arenig district has been recognized by W. G. Fearnsides (" On the Geology of Arenig Fawr and Moel Llanfnant," Q.J.G.S. vol. lxi., 1905, pp. 6o8–64o, with maps) as follows: c,'i o S Dicranograptus—shales. U Derfel or Orthis—limestone. 0 -o ^ (unconformity) The above succession is divisible into: (I) a Iwer series of gritty and calcareous sediments, the Arenig Series," as. it is now understood; -(2) a middle series, mainly volcanic, with shales, the " Llandeilo Series "; and (3) the shales and lime-stones of the Bala or Caradoc Stage. It was to the middle series (2) that Sedgwick first applied the term " Arenig." In the typical region and in North Wales generally the Arenig series appears to be. unconformable upon the Cambrian rocks; this is not the case in South Wales. The Arenig series is represented in North Wales by the Garth grit and Ty-Obry beds, by the Shelve series of the Corndon district, the Skiddaw slates of the Lake District, the Ballantrae group of Ayrshire, and by the Ribband series of slates and shales in Wicklow and Wexford. It may be mentioned here that the " Llanvirn " Series of H. Hicks was equivalent to the bifidus-shales and the Lower Llandeilo Series.
End of Article: ARENIG GROUP

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