Online Encyclopedia

ARETAS (Arab. Haritha)

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V02, Page 455 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ARETAS (Arab. Haritha), the Greek form of a name borne- by kings of the Nabataeans resident at Petra in Arabia. (r) A king in the time of Antiochus IV. Epiphanes (2 Macc. v. 8). (2) The father-in-law of Herod Antipas (Jos. Ant. xviii. 5. I, 3). In 2 Cor. Xi. 3.2 he is described as ruler of Damascus (q.v.) at the time of Paul's conversion. Herod Antipas had married a daughter of Aretas, but afterwards discarded her in favour of Herodias. This led to a war with Aretas in which Antipas was defeated. An Aretas is mentioned in 1 Macc. xv. 22, but the true reading is probably Ariarathes (king of Cappadocia). See NABATAEANS.
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