See also:king of Crete, and Pasiphae, the daughter of Helios the
See also:god . When
See also:Theseus landed on the
See also:island to slay the Minotaur (q.v.),
See also:Ariadne fell in love with him, and gave him a
See also:clue of
See also:thread to
See also:guide him through the mazes of the labyrinth . After he had slain the
See also:monster, Theseus carried her off, but, according to
See also:Homer (Odyssey, xi . 322) she was slain by
See also:Artemis at the
See also:request of Dionysus in the island of Dia near
See also:Cnossus, before she could reach Athens with Theseus . In the later
See also:legend, she was abandoned, while asleep on the island of
See also:Naxos, by Theseus, who had fallen a victim to the charms of Aegle (Plutarch, Theseus, 20; Diodorus, iv . 6o, 61) . Her
See also:abandonment and awakening are celebrated in the beautiful Epithalamium of Catullus . On Naxos she is discovered by Dionysus on his return from India, who is enchanted with her beauty, and marries her when she awakes . She receives a
See also:crown as a bridal
See also:gift, which is placed amongst the stars, while she herself is honoured as a goddess (Ovid, Metam. viii . 152,
See also:Fasti, 459) . The name probably means " very
See also:holy " =
See also:apt-ayvri; another (Cretan)
See also:form 'AptbitXa ( 4avepa ) indicates the return to a " bright "
See also:season of nature . Ariadne is the personification of
See also:spring .
In keeping with this, her festivals at Naxos
See also:present a
See also:double character; the one, full of
See also:mourning and sadness, represents her
See also:death or abandonment by Theseus, the other, full of joy and revelry, celebrates her awakening from sleep and
See also:marriage with Dionysus . Thus nature sleeps and
See also:dies during winter, to awake in springtime to a
See also:life of renewed luxuriance . With this may be compared the festivals of
See also:Adonis and
See also:Osiris and the myth of Persephone . Theseus himself was said to have founded a festival at Athens in
See also:honour of Ariadne and Dionysus after his return from Crete . The
See also:story of Dionysus and Ariadne was a favourite subject for reliefs and
See also:wall-paintings . Most commonly Ariadne is represented asleep on the
See also:shore at Naxos, while Dionysus, attended by
See also:satyrs and bacchanals, gazes admiringly upon her; sometimes they are seated side by side under a spreading
See also:vine . The scene where she is holding the clue to Theseus occurs on a very early
See also:vase in the
See also:British Museum . There is a statue of the sleeping Ariadne in the Vatican Museum . Kanter, De Ariadne (1879); Pallat, De Fabula Ariadnea (1891) .
ARIA (Ital. for " air ")
ARIANO DI PUGLIA
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