Greek philosopher, the founder
of the Cyrenaic school, was the son of Aritadas, a
See also:merchant of
See also:Cyrene . At an early age he came to Athens, and was induced to remain by the fame of
See also:Socrates, whose
See also:pupil he became . Subsequently he travelled through a number of Grecian cities, and finally settled in Cyrene, where he founded his school . His philosophy was eminently
See also:practical (see CYRENAICS) . Starting from the two Socratic principles of virtue and happiness, he emphasized the second, and made pleasure the criterion of
See also:life . That he held to be
See also:good which gives the maximum of pleasure . In pursuance of this he indulged in all forms of
See also:external luxury . At the same
See also:time he remained thoroughly
See also:master of himself and had the self-
See also:control to refrain or to enjoy .
See also:Diogenes Laertius (ii . 65), quoting
See also:Phanias the peripatetic, says that he received
See also:money for his teaching, and Aristotle (Met. ii . 2) expressly calls him a sophist . Diogenes further states that he wrote several
See also:treatises, but none have survived .
The five letters attributed to him are undoubtedly
See also:spurious . His daughter Arete, and her son
See also:Aristippus (µrlrpoSiSarcros, " pupil of his
See also:mother "), carried on the school after his
See also:death . A cosmopolitan on principle, and a convinced disbeliever in the ethics of his
See also:day, he comes very near to
See also:modern empiricism and especially to the modern Hedonist school .
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