ARISTOPHANES , of
See also:Byzantium, Greek critic and grammarian, was
See also:born about 257 B.C . He removed early to Alexandria, where he studied under
See also:Zenodotus and
See also:Callimachus . At the age of sixty he was appointed chief librarian of the museum . He died about 185-18o B.C . Aristophanes chiefly devoted himself to the poets, especially
See also:Homer, who had already been edited by his
See also:master Zenodotus . He also edited
See also:Hesiod, the chief lyric, tragic and comic poets, arranged
See also:Plato's dialogues in trilogies, and abridged Aristotle's Nature of Animals . His arguments to the plays of Aristophanes and the tragedians are in
See also:part preserved . His
See also:works on Athenian courtesans, masks and
See also:proverbs were the results of his study of
See also:comedy . He further commented on the Iltvawes of Callimachus, a sort of
See also:history of Greek literature . As a lexicographer, Aristophanes compiled collections of
See also:foreign and unusual words and expressions, and
See also:special lists (words denoting relationship, modes of address) . As a grammarian, he founded a scientific school, and in his
See also:Analogy systematically explained the various forms . He introduced critical signs—except the obelus;
See also:punctuation prosodiacal, and accentual marks were probably already in use .
Thefoundation of the so-called Alexandrian "
See also:canon " was also due to his impulses(Sandys, Hist . Class . Schol., ed . 1906, 1 . 129 f.) .
See also:Nauck, Aristophanis Byzantii Grammatici Fragmenta (1848) .
ARISTOPHANES (c. 448–385 B.e.1)
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