ARMINIUS , the Latinized
See also:form of the name of HERMANN, or more probably ARMIN (17 B.C.–A.D . 21), the German
See also:national hero . He was a son of a certain Segimer, a
See also:prince of the tribe of the
See also:Cherusci, and in early
See also:life served with distinction as an officer in the
See also:Roman armies . Returning to his own
See also:people he found them chafing under the yoke of the Roman
See also:governor, Quintilius Varus; he entertained for them hopes of freedom, and cautiously inducing neighbouring tribes to join his standard, he led the
See also:rebellion which broke out in the autumn of A.D . 9 . Heavily laden with baggage the troops of Varus were decoyed into the fastnesses of the Teutoburger Wald, and there attacked, the completeness of the
See also:barbarian victory being attested by the virtual annihilation of three legions, by the voluntary
See also:death of Varus, and by the terror which reigned in Rome when the
See also:news of the defeat became known, a terror which found utterance in the emperor's despairing cry: " Varus, give me back my legions ! " Then in A.D . 15 Germanicus Caesar led the Romans against Arminius, and captured his wife, Thusnelda . An indecisive
See also:battle was fought in the Teutoburger Wald, where Germanicus narrowly escaped the
See also:fate of Varus, and in the following
See also:year Arminius was defeated . The hero's later years were spent in fighting against Marbod, prince of the Marcomanni, and in disputes with his own people occasioned probably by his
See also:desire to found a powerful
See also:kingdom . He was murdered in A.D . 21 .
In 1875 a
See also:monument to Arminius was completed . This stands on the Grotenburg
See also:mountain near Detmold . Klopstock and other poets have used his exploits as material for dramas . Much discussion has taken place with regard to the exact spot in the Teutoburger Wald where the great battle between Arminius and Varus was fought . There is an immense literature on this subject, and the following may be consulted: T .
See also:Mommsen, Die Ortlichkeit der Varusschlacht (1885); E .
See also:Meyer, Untersuchungen fiber die Schlacht
See also:im Teutoburger Walde (1893); A . Wilms, Die Schlacht im Teutoburger Walde (1899) ; F . Knoke, Das Schlachtfeld im Teutoburger Walde (1899); E . Dunzelmann, Der Schauplatz der Varusschlacht (1889); and P .
See also:Hofer, Die Varusschlacht (1888) . For more general accounts of Arminius see: Tacitus,
See also:Annals, edited by H .
See also:Furneaux (1884—1891); 0 . Kemmer, Arminius (1893); F . W . Fischer, Armin and die Romer (189,3); W . Uhl, Das Portrait
See also:des Arminius (1898); and F . Knoke, Die Kriegszuge des Germanicus in Deutschland (1887) .
JACOBUS ARMINIUS (1560-1609)
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